1.Fluidomat Ltd. makes Fluid Couplings.Fluid Coupling is a Power Transmission Product.It is a Capital Good & not a consumable.Fluidomat has supplied more than 900 Scoop Control Couplings and several thousand constant fill fluid couplings on variety of applications in all sectors of industry including Coal base Power Plants, Steel, Cement, Paper, Chemical & fertilizer industry, PetrochemicalIndustry,Underground & Open Pit Coal and Mines, Harbor Handling and Nuclear Power Generation Plants in India and Abroad.Majority of the Revenues of the company are from the Power Sector.Sales growth of the company is dependent upon the Capex in these industries.
2.Market Size is Few hundred crores in India and several times more internationally.Huge export potential for the company.Main thrust is on the Domestic Market, though the company has expectations in Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia & Brazil(from the mining sector). The company has appointed dealers in these geographies.
3.Clients are ABB, BHEL, Braithwaite, Burn Standard, CIMMCO, Chemical Construction, DEMACH, DCIPS, ELECON, EPIL, FFE, Fuller KCP, Flakt, Flender, HEC, HDOL, HSML, INDURE, Krupp, Kirloskar, Kraft Engg., L&T, MAMC, MBE, Metso, MECON, Naveen, Oilex, Penwalt, Promac, Reitz, Sayaji Iron, Techpro,Thermax, TLT, TRF, Walchandnagar Industries, Warman etc.
4.Approvals from the Consultants:Fluidomat Fluid Couplings are approved by all leading industries and consultants in the country. The consultants include ACC, BHEL, Birla Tech Services, DCPL, Desin, HOWE India, Holtech, Jacobs, MECON, MN Dastur, NTPC, Tata Consultants,Tata Projects, Samsung, Doosan (Korea), Hyundai (Korea), Alstom (France), Sulzer (Germany) etc.Its also got a tie up with flow serve (Spanish company).They too have requirement for these couplings.Price Range of company products = Rs.12,000/- to Rs.80 lakhs.
5.Competitors are Premium Energy Transmission Ltd., Elecon Engg. Ltd. & Voith (German). Apart from Voith,all others have rented tech.Main competition is from voith.Voith’s pricing is 3 to 10X of fluidomat for same products.
6. Service cycle:FC can last for 25-30 years also,typical replacement cycle is 10-12 years.In government departments specific budgets are allocated,hence they tend to replace their couplings earlier at 5-6 years as if these budgets are not used they are extinguished.There is no unorganised sector in Fluid Couplings due to the hitech nature of the product.Also Fluid Couplings are very crucial products and reliably is a big factor. If it fails then the whole plant comes to a standstill.
7. The company does not require much capex.Land and building are excess.It can grow to Rs80-100 Cr turnover by adding only CNC machines.Capex could 1-2 Cr per annum.The company has started manufacturing FCs for fans used in boilers. It is now supplying the same to BHEL. Voith is the only competitor in this segment. The company entered into this segment five years ago based on indigenious R&D.
8.Fluidomat has also concluded designs for less than 110 MW boilers.It will enter this market soon.Working capital requirement for company's business is 3-4 months.Cycle is long as until the entire order is ready inspections don’t start(Debtor Days thus being 100).The company does not face issues on account of bad debtors as it supplies very critical equipment.The company is vertically integrated.It has its own foundry and fabrication facilities.
Courtesy: One of our sharpest microcap predator Keshav Bhai. Note exclusively meant for ShareBazaar app. The ShareBazaar inhouse research team is a strong battalion of 1500 members now. Expect more amazing contents in the coming days. Happy investing folks.
Disclosure: All articles in Sharebazaar App are strictly for educational purpose. It does not represent view of Sharebazaar Team. Any company named in any article is strictly not a recommendation.
1.Chemicals shall stay an integral part of our economy as India has 638000 villages and more than 22% of population is still below poverty line. So with government policies focused to improve the overall economy structure Chemical industry shall play a vital role and so shall your company.It has started a major focus on retail markets and brand building. For now around 150 cr of sales in this segment without any profits or slight loss but this shall change with scale going ahead. Retail can be big for your company in Agrochemicals and Polymers.
2.Despite a capex of around 175 cr Company reduced debt from Rs 300 cr to Rs 150 cr. Maintained a D/E of 0.08. Focus shall remain on efficient working capital cycle.Capex projects under stabilization stage and shall reap fruits from Q3/4 FY17-18.Missed the Rs 4000 cr revenue target but confident all the major capex of Rs 600-700 cr shall help achieve this goal within next 2 years. Some product approvals from customers take slightly longer so also a delay in seeing fruits of capex.
3.Except for Atul Brazil rest all subsidiaries grew steadily.JV with Akzo Nobel for production of monocloroacetic acid (MCA) in India shall be one of the best facilities in the world for which the raw material shall be supplied by Atul and good part of the finished product shall be consumed by Atul for Herbicide 2,4-D , rest shall be sold or exported by Akzo Nobel. In terms of project size it’s a 2 phase capex 1st phase 30,000 ton then 2nd phase 30,000 ton. Current only other capacity in India is of max 10,000 ton. So this shall be huge & biggest plant in India. 50:50 JV.
4.Spent Rs 38 cr on R&D for improvement of existing products and new product development. But this has a long gestation period. Contingent liability figure in the AR shall reduce this year.Weak Q1 FY17-18: Raw material inventory was of higher cost then end product prices like Paracresol went down which in turn impacted margins of aromatics. Prices of crude derivatives like Toluene and Benzene were not entirely favorable along with currency headwinds impacted the margins in Q1. But Q2 shall show improvement and Q3/4 shall be a strong pick up. Also slight impact due to GST& stabilization issues.
5.China a main competitor in Paracresol type products but costs of manufacturing in China inching up so that shall help stabilize the prices and thus margins. Plus your company has focused a lot on zero discharge policies and environmental factors so that shall go a long way to help. Environment related closures in China helpful to Indian companies. Current capacity utilization at 60-65% which shall go up going ahead and aim to be at 80-85%.
6.Management aims to keep margins at 20% + or – 3% going ahead. Also margins shall be stable as the company reached close to 4000 cr topline and full utilization of capex takes places. Why AMAL was not merged? Amal had Carry Forward loss of Rs 30-40 cr. So to take benefit of that loss plans for merger. But now Amal is doing well on its own and has already reduced Rs 10 cr of Carry Forwarded loss so better off on its own.
Courtesy: Our inhouse research member Parthiv Bhai. Note exclusively meant for ShareBazaar app.
Disclosure: All articles in Sharebazaar App are strictly for educational purpose. It does not represent view of Sharebazaar Team. Any company named in any article is strictly not a recommendation.
1.They reappointed their MD and executive director, management looks optimistic to maintain their margins of 38-40% going forward. Q2 might be flat or below average but Q3 and Q4 (Fy18)will be good(on account of one gov order shift from Q2 to Q3). Pramoter stake decreased by 3.6% in last quarter on account of personal use by chairman's family(Bought new house for their children)They are expanding to South Africa in next 3 yrs, setting up a new plant. Would require 14Cr capex for the same and in return they would get 50% back as royalty.
2.Currently they are into 100%(Revenues wise) B2B business and are planning to shift their focus to B2C(Goal to achieve 70% B2B and 30% B2C in a span of 5 years). This is being done so as to mitigate and lower the risk of future order flow- like tender\order from government might dry out in future or is very much regulatory business right now, hence due to this company has made this decision.
3.Pat might be impacted for next 3 years as all the resources have to be supplied to the new South African plant from here, but once the production starts(will start in 3 years), revenues will increase.
4. Company is doing many promotional activities right now so as to increase their B2C business which according to the management will slowly increase. Promotions are currently being done in almost all metros-mumbai, pune, haryana . 50 Distributors have been appointed currently for quick growth in B2C business.According to the management B2C business shift is the long term survival plan, both market and competition wise.
5. They currently have 4 main competitors but management has told that all the companies have higher production cost and cupid is the only company which produces the same quality products at the lowest cost.Current order book is of 103Cr in Fy18, and orders still coming in, they are also expecting an order from Indian government soon.Any capex requirement (if any)will be for promotional purpose and for the new South African plant.
6.They are also planning to acquire a small pharma company which meets their requirements- like is currently producing a product which is related to female empowerment and is related to their main product line and at the same time will have good margin growth in future. They are still searching on this front.Currently 75% of the total Indian government order are given to HLL(their biggest competitor) and only 25% to the private companies. Last year all the private companies have challenged the government that this is not fair. Still the case is pending, and company is expecting a positive decision on this front soon.
7.New products are ready to be launched, but will be launched not before march fy18. These products are- Hand sanitizers, vaginal vipes, second generation female condoms. All these products have high margin 35-42% .Currently having 3 years contract with UNFPA from heron to supply male and female condoms globally.Company has seen some declines in order flow(from US) due to trump's play.
Courtesy: Rushikesh(one of our youngest whatsapp sharebazaarapp research group inhouse member)
Disclosure: All articles in Sharebazaar App are strictly for educational purpose. It does not represent view of Sharebazaar Team. Any company named in any article is strictly not a recommendation.
a. Management expects volume growth to pick up in 2HFY18, led by pick-up in infra spend due to upcoming elections in Gujarat.
b. SIL will continue to see strong volume growth, led by higher sales to Mumbai market by way of coastal operations post the acquisition of two ships from China.
c. SIL expects profitability of its core units to improve meaningfully, led by improved utilization of present operations on account of increased sales to Mumbai market.
d. Commencement of WHRS of 13MW by FY18-end would further reduce power and fuel cost.
e. Significant savings are likely to be achieved as SIL plans to change its product mix to 45% PPC as against current levels of 35%.
f. SIL is planning to increase its capacity from current levels of 4.1mt to 8.2mt by FY20 at a capex of Rs 12.5b of which Rs 8b will be through debt and Rs 4.5b through internal accruals.
Courtesy: Jagdish bhai( Our inhouse whatsapp research group microcap predator)
1.Pace of construction of rural roads jumped to average 117km/day vs 97.29km last yr. Target to construct 57K km of roads in FY18 at average 156 km/day.
2."Stressed Assets Higher Than The Net Worth Of Indian Banks" Says McKinsey. Some of the PSU banks are bound to go burst with pathetic asset quality.
3.There's Housing Crisis(Pakka houses) in India. Estimated shortage of appox 19m households. If not tackled, approx 889m Indians will live in slum by 2025.
4.Mission Ganga Cleanup:Sewage from 118 town:4800mn ltrs/day. Functioning capacity to treat sewage:1017mn ltrs/dat.
5.India Employment Imbalance: Number of Jobs to be created in 2017-2022:6.5mn per year. Number of people entering workforce:23mn per year
6.Before IPO: Promoter has vision and investor has money.After ipo:Promoter has money and investor has vision
NEW PROJECTS - The Management has envisaged an increased demand for various I. V. fluids in India in the future considering the development of health related instruments and steady population increase.
Addition of 100 ML products to our ‘Aquapulse’ Brand:We are in the process of implementing a project that will add 100 ml Eurohead products to our portfolio. Based on feedback from our Marketing Team and due to the fact that our Eurohead 500 ML was received well we are confident of expanding our reach in the Euro head Category with this project.We expect the project to be operational in H1 FY19.
Our Competitive Strengths - Diverse Product Portfolio -Wide sales, marketing and distribution network -Wide range of fill volumes-Experienced management team and well qualified senior executives Adoption of superior technology for manufacturing sterile injectables. Our contract manufacturing and institutional sales business stabilizes our revenue stream -Targeting new domestic and export markets -Wide range of Sterile Injectable Products. The recent growth of Pan India hospital chains presents a significant opportunity for us to cater to their infusion requirements via our ‘Aquapulse’ brand.
We expect to grow at market rates in the near future. The various cost cutting measures will also lead to expansion in operation margins. We also have had success in penetrating high end customers such as Pan National hospital chains. Expansion in the higher end of the value chain will lead to expansion in margins also. We have also begun the process of expanding and consolidation of our product portfolio to optimize our throughput. We expect all of these to have an impact in H1 of FY 2019.
RIGHTS ISSUE OF EQUITY SHARES - In view of expansion of the existing facility to manufacture LVP in Eurohead bottles and to meet General Corporate Purposes, the Board of Directors has decided to raise funds up to 18 Crore subject to receipt of necessary approvals from statutory authorities,as applicable, by way of issue of equity shares of the Company to its shareholders on a rights basis.
Our Take: Company is on an inflection point and with recent 5X addition in net block it's well placed to enter in the top league. As the above note says it's further expanding which speaks about the demand in this segment.The Annual report snippets are self explanatory. This is one stock to watch out for the next 2-3 years. Rights at 84rs looks very compelling for the shareholders.
•D’mart is raising Rs.10bn by way of debentures as the company can use the IPO funds of Rs 3.6bn for construction and purchase of fit outs for new stores but cannot purchase land from that money, D’mart believes that due to stress in the real estate market it can use this opportunity to buy land for future store expansion.
•Store opening in Q4 at 14 stores was accelerated as bunching of store opening happened in Q4, the construction of stores usually slows down in Q1 and Q2 due to monsoon because of which store opening in Q4 always remains high.
•Of the Total 131 stores 113 are owned and balance 18 are on lease.D’mart is looking to open 20-25% of the new store addition in new geographies, though these store in new areas are margin dilutive, however D’mart believes that it is necessary to open pilot store in new areas for increasing geographical reach. D’mart also believes that since these stores in new areas are very few it won’t be margin dilutive to a great extent.
•D’mart has opened 40 D’mart Ready stores, the avg store size is between 200-500 sq.ft and all of them are on lease. Dmart ready is right now run on pilot basis and is only operational in Mumbai. The initial traction from these stores has been reasonable as D’mart is experiencing initial Inertia from consumers in the pick up model.
•D’mart has started private label in FMCG space in Coffee and Toilet soaps, however the contribution to overall sales in negligible and is a non focus area. GST impacted sales for 15 days of July however business is now back to normal, at present the company is not able to quantify any positive benefits from GST
Courtesy: Our whatsapp inhouse research team.
1.FOREX: Revenue break-up 50% airports & 50% non airports. Overall growth of 18-20% easily manageable for a long time. Forex is a highly underpenetrated business, having huge appetite for growth & many capital providers for that business. India has around 23 million travelers and in over 10 years around 100 million shall travel. So a massive upside in this business. Also the quality of PE money that we got in forex business and they tend to invest for 6-7 years before even thinking of an exit.
2.HFC: Only 2 states for now & 3rd would be Maharashtra by end of the year. Even if the company can focus on these 3 states a huge scope for growth in AUM over next 5 years. The company just needs to execute its strategy well. Target market shall be tier 2-3 cities with loan size of Rs 3-15 lakhs. Also relatively less competition as loans also given to non salary class to whom banks and other financiers are reluctant to lend.Major part of these markets have unorganized lending practices.
3.INSURANCE: For now company with its network of clients is better off as a distributor of various insurances of health, life, general etc through many providers. It’s a business with very good growth potential and has decent fee based income.
4.MFI: Company is looking to expand its book in MFI via an inorganic route and then scale that business.Won’t overpay but look for deals in around 1-2X P/B range. Digitization would be key to growth of all business verticals of Centrum. Company prefers to be a technology company selling financial services.
5.If GDP can grow at 6-7% Centrum is very confident to grow its lending business by atleast 3 times the GDP growth rate along with maintaining the quality of the book. Huge untapped market in rural non salaried class. Aiming at huge market share from unorganized lending to organized. It’s just that a lot of focus of the company would be on proper execution of that strategy. Only 22% of MSME is financed by formal institutes.This covers 40% of GDP & 45% of exports market. So Centrums strategy to start with SME lending is to eventually move to MSME lending via a solid digital platform.
6.DEFENSE LENDING: See a huge scope of growth in this vertical over next 5-10 years. Company is working towards NSE listing.
Courtesy: Parthiv Shah(our inhouse whatsapp group research predator)
1. FY17 earnings were impacted by Corex discontinuation in Dec'16 (FDC ban), NLEM related price cuts (negative WPI of 2.7% & revision of ceiling prices), new additions to NLEM (Zosyn) & transfer of 4 brands back to Abbott.Sales from newly launched Corex-T (Codeine+Tripolidine) is expected to be ~ Rs 350 mn in FY18E (Pfizer guidance).
2. Old Corex (Codeine+CPM) sales was Rs 1.86 bn in FY17 (was discontinued in Dec'16). For FY16, Corex sales were at Rs 2.45 bn.Two key brands from AstraZeneca viz. Meronem (licensed from Pfizer Inc, sales of Rs 1 bn in India) & Neksium (acquired for Rs 750 mn from Astra, sales of Rs 250 mn) would help to mitigate Corex discontinuation impact in FY18E.
3. 18% of current sales for Pfizer come from product under price control (NLEM). These include key brands like Folvite, Mucaine, Amlogard, Minipress, Zosyn.Vitamins and Minerals segment (key brand, Becosules) contributed ~ Rs 2 bn in FY17.
4. At its Goa plant, the company manufactures hormone and contraceptive products. Remaining products are outsourced from 34 contract manufacturers in India.Deal for sale of Thane land has been signed and received Rs1.5 bn as advance.Going ahead the company plans to launch 2-3 new products a year.
1..Dairy division accounted for 70.76% of revenue and 23% from value added products.One major event in the last FY was the slump sale/Demerger of the retail business from Heritage Foods. The decision to restructure was in line with the decision to focus more on the diary segment. *Retail business was then sold to FRL for a consideration of Rs 295 cr in an all-stock deal. Heritage Foods in turn was allotted 1,78,47,420 shares of Rs 2 each.*
2..Heritage Foods acquired dairy business of Reliance Retail Ltd (RRL) in a slump sale. This acquisition enables the company to geographically diversify into States like Punjab, Uttarakhand and Rajasthan and to gain strong synergies in markets like Mumbai and Delhi-NCR. Breakeven of Reliance Dairy unit could be around Q4FY18.
3..Co set a mission of reaching the Rs. 6000 Cr revenue by 2022, and aims to enhance the contribution of value added products from the current levels of 24% to 40% over the next five years.Co expects to clock a CAGR growth rate of around 25% in the next five years to reach the revenue target.
4..Over the next 5 years, Co plans to set up five processing plants each with an investment of Rs. 20-30 Cr, which would enable the company to handle 30 lakh litres of milk per day by 2022 as against 18.90 lakhs at present.Co plans to foray into beverages segment with the launch of Ready to drink Tea to widen its’ portfolio of value added products and brighten its’ growth prospects.
5..Co recently set up a JV with Novandie SNC, France with an investment of Rs 16 cr. to manufacture and market fruit and flavoured yogurts and western style desserts. Commercial operation of this JV is expected during 2018.Management indicated that it has a capex of Rs. 100 Cr every year till 2022, including 5 green field facilities, to achieve its ambitious target of Rs. 6000 Cr revenue by 2022.
6..Co proposed to achieve revenue of Rs. 6000 Cr by Geographical diversification, Deeper penetration into Tier-II/III towns, Creating more capacities, increasing manufacturing, marketing in value added segments and acquisitions/inorganic growth opportunities.Co is rebranding itself, and has set 1% of revenue as marketing expenditure.
7..Curd will continue to remain highest value contributor in Value added segment in the medium term as well, and company has plans to penetrate into untapped potential markets for Curd.Co said that Milk procurement would likely improve from October on account of reasonably good monsoon, and currently *Heritage sells its’ products with a premium of around Rs. 1-2 to its competitors.
1. Company into design and manufacture of plastic moulded furniture like chairs, baby chairs, dinning tables, stools and teapoys in a wide range of attractive colors. Current manufacturing facilities at Daman, Ernakulum in Kerala and Ongole in Andhra Pradesh.
2. Established a subsidiary Prima Union Plasticos SA with 90% stake in Guatemala, Central America with a capacity of 3000 MTPA. 1st phase with a capacity of 2250 MTPA commenced production in March 2017. New distributors added. High growth in FY 19 with target turnover at Rs 20 crores as against current turnover of Rs 10 crores. New machines to be added in due course.
3. Capacity at JV Prima Dee-lite Plastics SARL Cameroon, West Africa increased from 4500 MTPA to 8500 MTPA. Enhanced commercial production started in Jan 2017. Good demand from Africa and export to nearby countries.Commercial production at the new Greenfield plant in Ongole, Andhra Pradesh with a capacity of 1500 MTPA started in Feb 2017. This would cater to states like Orissa and others*
4. Focus on more expansion in India specially Northern India & abroad. Focus on growth in deep pockets within India. Small CAPEX of around Rs 7 crores in FY 18. Domestic capacity at 11500 MTPA with 80% capacity utilization, Cameroon at 8500 MTPA and 3000 MTPA in Central America.Overall growth of 10 - 15% in turnover in medium term. 30 - 40% growth with EBITDA of 29% achieved in Africa to be sustained in future. Exports at around Rs 17 crores out of total turnover of Rs 88 crores in FY 17*
5. New products like crates using roto moulding manufactured from Ongole plant. Scope for manufacturing of furniture, ice-box, road barriers, water tanks etc. in future. Orders for supply of garbage bins under Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA).Walmart has approved Company’s chairs which are being supplied at a particular store. Repeat orders given to the Company. Possibility of supply to other stores and locations*
6. Increase in orders from government institutions with orders worth approx. Rs 5-6 crores from government institutions in Ahmedabad for regular chairs. Orders under SBA and government institutions in addition to current order book.Consolidated Sales target for FY18 Rs 150 crores and growth of 25% in FY 19 against Rs 127 crores in FY 17*
7. Export sales in USD except those in EURO in Africa. Marketing on local level through radio channels etc. during festive season. Challenges faced due to demonetization.No effect of GST as tax rate at 28% in line with pre-GST tax liability except in states where VAT was less as compared to current taxes under GSR.
8. Shift from unorganized to organized sector possible owing to GST. Almost all dealers GST compliant. Organised dealers started pickup in July'17 post GST and market growing.Restocking to being in Q2 FY 18.Logistics major cost component.Plastic products a localized market.Major competitors being Neelkamal, Wimplast and Supreme Industries.Debt of around Rs 10 crores as against cash balance of Rs 9.2 crores.
Courtesy: our whatsgroup inhouse research member the genius Vishal kothari.
1. Strong 1QFY18 closing order book of Rs 41bn with ~27% from international market. Consolidated revenues for 1QFY18 stood at Rs 3,584mn (+10% yoy), consolidated EBITDA was at Rs 460mn (+10% yoy) and PAT at Rs 215mn (+27% yoy).Order inflow for 1QFY18 remained strong at Rs 7,130mn which led to strong 1QFY18 closing order book of Rs 40,620mn. Out of total order book, international orders are of Rs 11,000mn (~27% of total). Out of international orders of Rs 11,000mn, O&M orders are worth Rs 3,000mn and rest is ETC.
2. Out of total order book of Rs 40,620mn, ETC order book is at Rs 22,000mn, civil order book is at Rs 9,400mn and O&M order book is at Rs 9,220mn.Domestic ETC business remained very low while international ETC business is picking up with projects coming up in Nigeria and Bahrain. The company is continuously tracking opportunities in domestic ETC business.
3. Debt for 1QFY18 is in line with 4QFY17 number. There is good development on working capital side; uncertified revenues of Rs 2.0bn in Mar’17 have come down to Rs 1.6bn in Jun’17 and those customers have gone for certification due to GST. For FY17, Noida workshop contributed Rs 50-60mn of revenues and the company is targeting Rs 300mn of revenues from it in FY18E. In 1QFY18, Rs 40mn contributed by Noida workshop.
4. The company is targeting Rs 25bn of order inflow for FY18E. And revenues growth guidance is ~15% for FY18E. In FY18E, the company should receive Rs 800mn of retention money back and there will be addition of Rs 550mn so, retention money should come down by Rs 250mn.
5..Looking for opportunities beyond power sector. The company has looking for opportunities beyond power sector. One such diversification is Railways in which the company could get orders worth Rs 2,600mn and project is going well. Apart from that, the company got one project in T&D sector worth Rs 780mn and will go selective it that sector.
6. On the domestic side, the company is focusing on the Oil & Gas sector for ETC and Civil works. All the Oil & Gas projects need to be converted to Bharat 6 standards from Bharat 4 standards by 2020. These will be huge opportunity going ahead and the company is trying to qualify for the business.
7. On the FJD business side, 122GW of projects have been identified for FGD and out of that tenders have been called for 27 NTPC projects which has installed base of nearly 21GW in 2 lots. These FGD opportunities will come up and on each unit it can be of Rs 500mn-Rs 700mn. The company will target couple of FGD projects this year and it is in discussion with one Spanish company for partnership.
8..Planning restructuring of the company with 7 Strategic Business Units (SBUs). The company is planning restructuring and simplification of business to grow further. Power Mech has two focus business areas: (i) Industrial Services: Operations & Maintenance and reconstruction of power plants for both domestic and international markets. (ii) Construction: This will include ETC and Civil construction. Civil construction to be further divided into (a) Power related Civil and (b) Non-power related Civil. Non-power related civil will include Railways, Roads, and Irrigation.
9. On the electrical vertical side for T&D, the company will be doing 11kV to 33kV to 66kV to 110kV to220kV up to 400kV where there is no qualification and looking for domestic and foreign partner for work.
10. On the International overseas business, after Middle East, the company is planning to expand into Africa in bigger manner and looking at two projects there. The company also has the spare parts work shop at Noida and supply spare parts to the power plants. Another subsidiary is Hydro Magnus where the company has order booking of Rs 250mn.So, the company has identified 7 strategic business units (SBUs) and planning to appoint head of each SBU who will be responsible for development of that business area.
1. Manufacturer of insulated enamelled wires and other insulated electric conductors. Largest manufacturer of winding wires in the country.Share in revenue from power sector, auto and industrial equipment being 20% each; consumer durables 10-15% and balance from other sectors
2. Volume growth of 8% and 5% value wise in FY 17.1/3 rd of revenue from job work.Major raw material being copper which is procured domestically from Vedanta and Hindalco as well as imported depending on the price. Change in copper prices not have major impact on profitability as the same is procured on the customer's account
3. 90% of sales is to OEM. Company biggest supplier to auto manufacturers among competitors. GOI Rural electrification program a big boost for growth of the Company. Company regularly participates in international exhibitions to enhance product visibility and exposure in international markets*
4. Benefits of GST in the long term as it would lead to consolidation from the unorganized to the organized sector in the next 5 years.GST rate of 18% applicable with no major change from the previous tax liability under excise and VAT.
5. Total market size of Rs 8000 -9000 crores (2,00,000 tons) with share of organised sector in the range of 50-60%.Company has significant plans of capacity expansion and modernization which would increase profitability.
6. CAPEX plans to be announced shortly. It takes 9-12 months for being operational post CAPEX. Vision to set a global benchmark. Company's products used for generation of power from fossil fuels as well as from renewable sources. Exports decreased by 10% in FY 17 on account of tariff discrimination which is in the range of 2 – 10%.Major competitor – Ram Ratna Wires.Wires is a low value added industry.
Courtesy: CA Prashant Shah
1. Management expects at least low double-digit growth in volumes in FY18. ATA expects the growth momentum to continue in export markets in FY18. Company exports to six countries in Africa and three in Latin America and expects to further consolidate its position in these markets.
2. Electric 3W was launched in Bihar and Gujarat in 1QFY18 though volumes remain insignificant. It plans to offer E-rickshaws to all of its dealers across the country over the next one to two quarters. The electric 3W market is dominated by unorganised players; management estimates an aggregate market size of ~120k pa.
3. E-rickshaws can travel up to 80kms on a single charge and it takes around seven to eight hours to fully charge the battery; battery life is ~8-10 months.? A small inventory of BSIII vehicles remain in the channel (versus 3k vehicles in the previous quarter). ATA does not expect any additional costs to clear its BSIII inventory, as these vehicles can be upgraded to BSIV.
4. Capex plan for FY18 would be evaluated in 2HFY18, as current capacity utilisation is not optimal. Company incurred Rs450mn till date for capacity expansion at Ahmedabad, while Rs1bn of capex is yet to be incurred.
Courtesy: Systematix Equities
Jefferies: Indian hospitals need to alter their business model to focus on affordable healthcare and patients outside Tier-I cities to sustain the rich valuations. The premium segment is slowing on rising competition and narrowing supply-demand gap with margins under pressure too. In this context, NARH and HCG (we initiate with Buy) appear best placed given their growing presence outside Tier-I cities. We initiate on APHS with Hold as growth/margins challenges may endure.
Narayana and HCG preferred picks: The Indian hospital sector is trading at 17x FY19E EV/EBITDA on expectations of 20% EBITDA CAGR over FY17-20E. We initiate on HCG with Buy and Apollo Hospitals at Hold. We retain Buy on Narayana.Narayana, in our view, with its focus on affordable care, looks the best placed to address the large latent demand. We expect it to report 25% EBITDA CAGR over FY17-20E; retain Buy with a PT of Rs390.
HCG's hub and spoke model and oncology specialization has allowed it to profitably expand outside Tier I cities (c40% beds outside Tier I). It has also shown strong execution, achieving breakeven in most new centers in c12M. With large expansion phase coming to close, we expect it to report 27% EBITDA CAGR over FY17-20. It is trading at a discount to peers at 15.7x FY19E EV/EBITDA and we initiate with Buy and PT of Rs325.
Apollo - While we expect 19% EBITDA CAGR over FY17-20E for Apollo, we estimate its core hospital business EBITDA to grow at 11%. Its key markets are seeing increased competition. While the company is working on improving payer mix, this limits growth over the medium term, as the large market is not targeted. With the stock trading at 17.5x FY19E, we initiate at Hold with a PT of Rs1,150.
1. ECC segment losses dent 1QFY18 margins. 1QFY18 sales stood at ~Rs 1.83bn (-1% yoy), EBITDA at Rs 219mn (-28% yoy) and PAT at Rs 143mn (-12% yoy). EBITDA margins were lower at 12% due to losses in the ECC segment which reported 1QFY18 revenues of only Rs 120mn. 1QFY18 order book stands at Rs 7.06bn, of which metering order book was at Rs 4.30bn and ECC order book at Rs 2.76bn. ECC order book comprises two large orders in the state of Uttar Pradesh (UP).
2. Current debt is Rs 1.76bn, of which Rs 140mn is long-term debt.Positive trends in metering Industry with tenders for smart meters coming up. Metering industry has turned positive as of now post a decline in FY17.Growth is clearly visible with smart meters tenders also coming up ahead. Recently, EESL floated 5mn of smart meter tenders on behalf of Haryana and UP governments. Management highlighted that demand for smart meters exists across all states, and not one or two states.
3. There was some disruption in July due to order revisions because of GST (18% vs.~15% tax earlier).Post that, transit to the GST regime was smooth.? On the exports side, the company is targeting Singapore, the Middle East and African countries and seeing good traction in these markets.
4. FY18E metering revenue guidance at ~Rs 7.25bn.There are pending tenders for 25mn meters in the market, which should be finalised in the next 3-6 months; the company has a market share of ~25%. Of 25mn,smart meter tenders are pegged at 6mn..
5. From 2QFY18E, ECC revenues will be higher and EBITDA margins should be ~10% for the ECC business. The company has guided for FY18E meter revenues of Rs 7bn.
1...Buy from manufacturer and sell to reseller only.Have 750 employees, 45 warehouses all on lease, 45 branches, 30 brands, 10,000 resellers and reach in 800 cities.Top five customers contribute 60% of revenue, company has policy of maximum 30% revenue from single customer .85% of revenue comes from IT (Computers, Laptops, Printers, networking devices etc) and 15% from mobility.
2..In mobility working capital cycles are shorter and have exclusive contract for particular area.They have 55 service centers,which have better margins of 12-15%. This business is very small can contribute upto 12-15Cr, so will add around 1-1.5Cr in bottom line.
3..Credit cycle-IT 21-90 days,Mobility 15-30 days. Their 100% debt is secured, but bad debts are lower than premium paid, in case of bad debt will get only 85% of covered amount due to industry norms.
4..Expecting growth of 25-30% Yoy, have target of $1 billion revenue by FY2020. Scale of operation will increase with increased proportion of mobility,working capital will decline. Co will add more vendors to increase reach to newer cities. Gross margins will not increase, but due to increase in efficiency bottomline will increase.
5..Inventory write off. Some company have return policy some dont have. Sold products are sold at discounted price and difference is compensated by vendors.Few brands are doing direct sales e-commerce or their own sites, but 90% of the sales are through distributors
6..Margins are similar across India but lower in case of sale to ecommerce. GST will benefit,can reduce infrastructure will see in next 3 months.
7..Have 100Cr of cash. Have to keep cash for new business. They are in talk for Apple accessories which will require around 70-80Cr of cash.Talking with other 2-3 brands also.Have around 700Cr of limits available.
8..There is partly consolidation in the industry, no new player is coming. In compare to last 5 years, margins have gone down but will not go down from here.
Courtesy: Shankar( Inhouse whatsapp research group member)
Micro-finance no longer a new concept in India and it become a traditional business in India. Regulatory framework is also in place since last 3 years which make the industry matured and also bring transparency.Till date industry is dominated by 71 NBFC-MFI and newly converted SFBs (Small Finance Bank).
A lot of people/investors may think that industry is getting crowded even though we are able to reach just 4-5 Million households whereas more than 250 Million households are residing in our country. Further current statistic also shows that out of our total micro-finance portfolio only 31% portfolio is representing agriculture and allied portfolio. This data itself shows the inability of the MFIs to reach rural areas where 68% of our population is residing.
Gross Value Added (GVA) at current prices for agriculture and allied sector is estimated at INR 23.82 lakh crore representing lowest shares 17.32%. To change the status,significant infusion of capital is essential in agriculture and allied sector. Hence micro-finance institutions (MFI) can play a significant role in rural areas and can be a growth partner of our country. Therefore MFIs need to shift their focus from urban areas to rural areas.
A number of people/investors have also a perception that there is a huge competition and the scope for the differentiations would be limited in micro-finance sector. Yes it’s true that competition is increasing day by day and therefore MFIs should have clear marketing strategy to cope up with the situation. It is also true that the scope of the differentiation is also limited in terms of product feature as you can play only with price, tenure and may be with ticket size. Use of technology may bring efficiency and transparency but may not create a big differentiation. So what the MFIs will do to bring differentiation and segregate them from other players?
To bring differentiations we need to go back to the basic theory of the marketing and should analyze the need and profile of our customer. If we analyze the need and profile of our customer revealed that-
The need of the MFI customers is a continuous in nature and people need to take loans from MFIs throughout a generation. It’s not like us where we are taking loans only 2-3 times in our life cycle.People are not bothering much about the cost of borrowing in terms of interest but installment amount and the frequency of the payment would be more important for them. Whereas in our case cost of borrowing and tax rebates are important factor to choose a loan product.Efficiency in the loan processing, simple loan documentation, assurance for getting further loans and behavior of the field staff would also be relevant factors for a MFI customer.
Apart from financial assistance households also need a lot of supports in other areas which may include financial literacy, trusted option of savings, assistance in income generation activities, support in quality education, basic healthcare support etc.Considering the outcomes technology can play a significant role to bring efficiency in processing loans, reducing operation cost, arranging financial literacy program etc.However technology may not able to bring long term differentiation for any MFI. Further as scope of the differentiation in terms of product would be limited MFIs need to focus more on their ancillary products/services which they can sale/provides by using their distribution network.
Actually most MFI has a huge distribution network and this network can be leverage to sale/facilitate different products/services. The scope of differentiation is huge as a MFI can chose more than 100 products/services to leverage their distribution network. However while doing so the need of assortment and analysis of customer profile would be important to select a particular product/service as random section of product/service may increase the overall credit risk for the MFIs.
At the end of the day conclusion is to- MFIs should come out from the cell of another financial company and should project them a larger distribution network through which different needs (financial as well as non-financial) of the households, residing at the bottom of the pyramid, can be fulfilled. Till there is a enormous opportunity for the growth and business in the sector if we will opt an integrated approach.
Note: We have 1424 inhouse experts now for the ShareBazaarapp. The dream is to cover each and every listed small and midcap company. With your support and blessings we will do it. Happy investing folks.
1)Company has shown massive turnaround in the defense battery business. FY 18 also looks good in terms of order book and execution of defense batteries.
2)As on date pending orders are around 50 cr and more orders of around 20 cr in pipeline looks likely unless any government delays.
3)Lead Acid battery is undergoing tough times. Management has decided not to take LAB orders at any rate.Not worth sending overheads on distributors and then get stuck in receivables. So management shall wait for atleast cost + basis private label work as and when it comes.
4)Bankers are very supportive for working capital needs due to the turnaround. Going ahead plan to start repaying debt once sufficient cash flows are generated. Also company aims to reinstate dividends.
5)Company can do around 13-15% EBITDA margins for FY18. Q4 margins were high due to execution of high margin orders. Margins vary as per the order in terms of naval, airforce etc
6)Company is working on some specialized batteries which are still under approval stage. Government and different channels takes time for approval post which ordering etc. But company is confident these new segments of batteries in defense shall help to add more revenues and better margins. (Company did not disclose which segments due to confidentiality).To conclude FY 18 shall be a lot better than FY17 and good turnaround is expected.
Courtesy: Our inhouse research member Parthiv Shah. Note exclusively meant for the users of ShareBazaarApp.
Q) One of our sharpest microcap predator MR Vinay ambekar(VA)has been tracking Bodal Chemical for quite a while now. We asked him regarding the factors to consider before investing in the company.
VA) Hi – since you asked specific to Bodal, I will not cover the industry related factors.I will be tracking the following:
Percentage of basic chemicals (BS) being used in Dye Intermediates (DI), which is currently 45% and % of DI being used in Dyestuff (DS), which is currently 40% - these percentages should be in an increasing trend.Price of their products fluctuate due to external/global factors, and hence impacts their profitability. But if these 2 percentages are increasing QoQ, then it is a sign that atleast, internally, the company is on the right track in terms of increasing the share of their more value added products. If realisations of DI and DS are supportive, then margins should keep on expanding. However, if price realisations fall, then profit margins may fall, but that should not be seen as a negative if the trend of volume shift (from BS to DI to DS) is positive.
The above shift will also indicate how their expansion is progressing, which should be monitored. Increase in DS capacity from current 17mtpa to 25mtpa by mar’18 is the 1st leg. Thereafter from 25 to 41 over 3-4 years, but that’s a little way off. Right now there are no plans to increase DI capacity, which is good. But if they announce, then the reason should be very strong as to why they are doing this, and whether they are doing this at the expense of DS capacity expansion. Maybe their 2nd leg of DS expansion may need some more DI capacity which is fine. But that should happen only after say 2 years.
They have stationed the 58% owner of Trion in USA to market their water treatment products. Progress of that should me monitored. It will be better if they can increase their stake in this company from current level of 42%.They have taken 70% stake in SPS and they have said that it was very inefficiently run and that they can double the volumes and margins using their expertise. This should be montitored because SPS can meet their increased requirement of DI which they will need to feed their DS capacities.
LABSA and Liquid Dyestuff which are high margin products – sales and profits from this should be tracked. LABSA production has already started, so how are they ramping it up. Liquid dyestuff production is in trial run. A quick completion of this can give a new line of profitable product to the company in its core related field but diversify its risks away from textiles into paper and other areas.
ROA levels (not monitoring ROE and ROCE because the E is very low due to past accumulated losses - however if you are mathematically inclined, you can track incremental return on incremental equity and on incremental capital employed). ROA will be a quick dirty measure which should show increasing trend.
And most important, whether they have the necessary pollution control measures (Effluent treatment plants etc) to take care of all the above expansions (somehow no one has asked them about this in their concalls and broker reports), but if pollution control board does not give them permission to expand, then the entire thesis collapses. Currently they have the largest ETP of 1mn litres capacity. Whether this is enough.
1..Loan book at the end of 1QFY18 at INR650mn.Target for 2QFY18 is ~INR1b. Growth in the last quarter was relatively less as funding from banks didn’t hit the India Home Loans account. In 2Q expects to disburse ~INR400mn.Asset quality in FY17 was at 2.71%, the same in 1QFY18 was at 1.5%. The reduction is on account of the absolute GNPA amount coming down. At the end of FY17, 22 files were GNPA the same at the end of 1QFY18 are 15.
2...Capital Raise: Looking to raise capital in FY18. Likely to happen in 3Q or more likely in 4Q. Planning to raise INR500-800mn. Promoters also want to participate in capital raise and are looking to invest ~INR100-120mn in the capital raise exercise.Additional funding from SBI (INR250m at 10%); AU Bank – INR50m; SIB –INR50m; Kotak-INR50mn at 9.75%; Federal Bank ( These are sanctioned amounts, not necessarily draw downs)
3..Have started operations in Jodhpur. Dividend at 10paise/share will continue and would like to increase the same on the basis on company’s performance.Non-housing book as of now is at 20% of the total book. 5% is LAP (~INR30mn) rest is developer finance (~INR90m).Most of the disbursements in 2Q, to the tune of INR300m would to housing loans in government schemes. HLs yields are at 11-13% and LAP yields are at 18-20%
4..Risks: Limited field investigation capabilities. Relying more on the fact that government flats- property papers are in place; post that personal interview of the borrowers, in case of married couples- interview of both husband and wife.
courtesy: Harsh(Our inhouse ShareBazaar app research expert). Note exclusively penned for Sharebazaarapp.
On a consolidated basis the net sales have reported a marginal reduction at Rs. 5562.04 Cr for FY17 Vs Rs. 5758.92 for FY16. Company repaid Rs. 231.88 Cr of loans during FY17 resulting in a reduction in finance costs by 22.70%. The operating profits of the company have seen a slight fall at Rs. 454.60 Cr
Management said that:
1. The implementation of GST would lead to transparency in business. Further, the shift from the unorganised to the organised sector would benefit the H & R Johnson (India) and RMC Readymix (India) segment as these segments face severe competition from the unorganised markets on the basis of pricing.
2. RERA resulted in developers facing difficulties with the registration and compliance. However, RERA is beneficial to the company as it would lead to quick recovery of their receivables because as per RERA the funds for a certain project must be utilised into that project only. Further, the government's ‘Make In India’ and the ‘Housing For All’ campaign followed by Affordable Housing being granted an infrastructure status would result in initiatives and tax benefits to developers.
3. The second half of the previous year was severely impacted due to demonetization. Further, Satna received a very heavy monsoon this year but fortunately the company’s plant did not suffer any damage. The selling price per bag in Satna is Rs. 280 and the company’s profits would be around Rs. 75 per bag.
4. The company’s efforts in consolidating their product line and reduce logistic costs in the Cement Division resulted in savings in the operating costs. Prism Cement acquiring stake in BLA power has resulted in a fall in cost of cement production. The use of Pet coke has further reduced the costs. The company’s agreement with ECO Cements has resulted in the Company optimising transportation costs and enabling it to tap the growth in the Eastern markets like Bihar.
5. Ban on sand mining coupled with the ban overloading the trucks were severe headwinds in the Q1FY18. The company has a capacity of 52.19 tonne Cement and Clinker and this segment could witness a growth of 15% on the back of new products launched.
6. TBK segment would benefit from GST as the sector preference would shift from the unorganised to the organised sector. However, due to uncertainties regarding the implementation of GST dealers had resorted to destocking and the last 15 days of the June quarter the dealers did not give any fresh orders.
7. The RMC segment witnessed a 1% fall in the turnover because of the uncertainties surrounding the implementation of RERA. The order book for the road segment has increased sharply. The management sees a 10% growth in the current year and a 20% growth next year onwards on the back of reduction in cost.
Courtesy: Jagdish bhai(Our inhouse whatsapp group member). Note exclusively meant for the Sharebazaar App.
ITD Cementation Ltd (Q2 CY17): Weak performance; outlook remains strong - IIFL
ITD Cementation (ITDC) delivered weak Q2 CY17 numbers with topline de-growth of 41% on the back of slow order execution. The margins, however, continued to show improvement and rose by 156 bps yoy to 11.2%.This was primarily due to sharp decline in sub-contracting expenses. During the quarter, finance cost declined marginally as Company continued to improve on its working capital position. Significant improvement in contribution from Joint Venture (JV) led to PAT doubling to Rs.207 mn. The Company has received massive order inflows during Q2 CY17 and its total order book currently stands at ~Rs.82 bn (~2.7x CY16 revenues). In addition, the Company stands L1 in orders worth ~Rs.24 bn. With the strong order book, the focus now shifts to execution. The expected pickup in execution would lead to strong topline performance in the coming years. Improvement in operating performance and higher contribution from JV to be key drivers of earnings growth over next few years. The focus on cost control and debt reduction would further aid bottom-line performance. We lower our estimates to factor in the weak quarter performance and slow progress in certain orders. We maintain our Accumulate rating on the stock with a revised target of Rs.162.
1. Among top 3 largest producer in conductors and Specialty Oil in the world. Supplies conductors to all top 25 global turnkey operators and leading utilities. Preferred supplier to over 80% of its specialty oil customers in India.60% market share in power transformer oil and 40% in distribution transformer oil in India. Among largest bare overhead aluminum conductor manufacturers in India, market share of 23%.
2. Orders by key T&D has increased by 35% in Q1 which will turn in orders of product manufacturers like Apar.TBCB (tariff based competitive bidding). Visible projects by UDAY scheme. Health of DISCOMS is improving a lot. Under UDAY, losses of state discoms have reduced 22% to Rs 40,295 crore. Of the 27 states and union territories that joined the scheme, 23 are exhibiting improvement in aggregate technical and commercial loss reduction or narrowing of gap between power costs and revenue. Improving health of the discoms will have a positive impact on T&D infrastructure spending.
3. June, July has been affected due to GST. GST successfully implimented.More clarification needed from Govt. on some process. Plans for FY20 might be achieved in FY19 for conductors. Order book as on June 30, 2017 is at Rs 1,162 crore compared to Rs 1,519 crore as on March 31, 2017. Target of September closing 1500cr order book projected.
4. Chinese players benefited from lower Aluminum price in last quarter. From July the price is narrowed so it will be positive. Key competitors no longer has the CST benefit after GST. Due to which real improvement seen in September for Apar.
5. Products selling to Defense sector which is out of GST bracket.Optical fiber at 50% capacity utilization for optical fiber. Got order from BSNL. New UAE plant running at 50% utilization. Only player in UAE. Target is to increase the capacity utilization to mid 60s in this year.
Demand greater than AFL could supply: AFL was short on feed capacity by ~15000 MT in the last quarter, if it had the capacity, AFL could have roped in another ~Rs 1000mn of sales in the quarter.
Feed capacity addition: AFL is putting up additional capacity of 1,75,000 MTPA in AP. The capex will be Rs 500mn and it shall be operational by Mar’18
Sustainability of margins: Current EBITDA margins are exceptional due to weak RM prices but given the kind of volumes AFL is doing, 15% EBITDA margins in feed may be sustainable ( vs 10-12% in previous years)
New processing capacity: Additional capacity of 15,000 MTPA is under trial operations now , commercial operations shall start by end of August . AFL expects 40-50% utilization of this additional capacity in first year of operations.
Exporting to end users: Though there are lot of processing companies, but major players like AFL export directly to end user restaurants and retailers like Walmart. There are no re-exporters in their value chain
Market size: Total feed manufacturing capacity in India is ~20 Lac MTPA but the requirement is ~11 Lac MTPA. Industry is over capacitated but most players are not able to utilize even 50% of their capacity
Market share in feed business: AFL current market share is ~43% and they are aiming for 50-55% share in next 2 years.
Depesh Kashyap | Equirus Securities
1. Agrochemicals division was struggling for 3 years due to poor monsoons and intense competition. Their formulation products for pharma werent doing well either because of issues in pharma sector. They don't have any innovative products so wasn't easy for them to make money in that environment. This year they are seeing better traction due to good monsoons and better demand. Managment said agrochemicals division has bottomed out and will see 20-25% growth this year and 35-40 Lacs profit.
2. Main story is all about the subsidiary 3B blackbio. Their entire focus is to grow this stuff. They now own 97%.Will soon own 100% as the other partner is bankrupt. They did the JV for tech transfer and access to European and latam markets. The owner of that Spanish company is now dead so Europe and latam not easy.So focus right now is on India and then eventually African markets.
3. Company said competition in India is low as the quality is very poor from Indian companies. Their quality is comparable to global counterparts. Global companies have good quality but products are expensive. So they have been able to replace some global companies in supplying to global companies like quest diagnostics and core diagnostics.
4. They expect to grow at 100% this year. Expected growth for next 4-5 years could be 50% cagr. This year 3b can do 6-8 crore revenues with 1.8-2.2 CR PAT. They expect to scale up to 15-20 CR in the next 3-4 yrs.Margins from fy17 levels will go down 4-5% as they don't expect to sustain these margins. They need to invest a lot in good marketing people and hire professional mgmt to scale this company.
5. They have been growing at a measured pace despite high demand because they need funds to grow.Current cash flow generation is not enough. Still they have been investing whatever they make into the business only. Even agrochemicals profits go here.
6. Maybe at some point of time I presume they can do a SME IPO of the subsidiary or sell some stake at better levels. With such high growth rate and considering the prevailing raging bull market,3B will definitely be able to command more than decent valuations.
Courtesy: Hemant Bhai again(our mentor cum one of the sharpest microcap predators). Article exclusively meant for the #ShareBazaarApp.
Disclosure: All articles in Sharebazaar App are strictly for educational purpose. It does not represent view of Sharebazaar Team. Any company named in any article is stricltly not a recommendation.
1. One of India’s largest manufacturers of folding cartons, and India’s largest standalone converter of paperboard manufactures folding cartons, printed blanks and outers, litho-lamination, plastic cartons, blister packs and shelf-ready packaging. Ventured into the flexible packaging industry, with capability to produce printed cork-tipping paper, laminates, sleeves and wrap-around labels.
2. Only Indian packaging company to have offset plants in all four geographies of the country. Packaging for tobacco, liquor, food & beverages, FMCG, pharma and other industries. Speciality Packaging Unit in Haridwar is equipped with an 8 colour UV press from KBA, Germany with pioneering new cold foil technology which is also equipped to produce corrugated cartons as well as “CEKA” liner cartons*
3..Share of export in revenue stands at 17-18% and balance being domestic sales. The only standalone packaging company in India to have gravure printing technology. Whisky cartons constitutes significant contributor. Company is in top 2 carton makers. Major challenges faced due to demotisation, liquor ban on highway and rupee appreciation. Organized sector much smaller than the organized market.
4. Growth of 5% during FY 17, declined for the 1st time in 27 years. Developing European market by supplying to FMCG companies and cake boxed to offset challenges of rupee appreciation in future.
5. Management foresees a stable growth and has a satisfactory outlook. Average growth of 15 -20% on account of CAPEX done in FY 17. Reduction of debt from current Rs 200 crores to Rs 150 crores.No major CAPEX in FY 18, to utilize capacity available on account of huge CAPEX in FY 16 and FY 17
6. No major GST impact as the tax is passed on to the customer. Consolidation from unorganized to organized possible. Reduction in raw material prices. GST on raw materials is 12% while on finished product is 18%.
7..Total installed capacity post CAPEX is 100,000 tons which can generate a revenue of Rs 1000 crores. Current capacity utilization at 60-65% and focus to improve to 75-80%.
8..Additional equity infusion of Rs 24 crores from DSP Blackrock Core Fund, VEC Indian Special Situations Master Fund and VEC Strategic Value Fund.
9..Many customers added in FY 17 major being Philip Morris (Marlboro cigarettes) for India and Bangladesh markets. Company trying for outside India markets also. Other being Dabur, ITC food division, Modi Industries, Reliance Jio, Depro, Kuber etc.
10..Company started supplying to Patanjali who also has plan to start its own packaging plant.Major entry barriers being requirement of huge CAPEX, challenging nature of business, people and relationships.Major competitor being Parksons packaging and ITC (manufactures for in-house consumption)*
11. Design centre caters to value addition for the customers. Top 20 customers contribute to 80% of the revenue and top 5 cater to 35-40%. Maximum revenue from a single customer not over 15%. HUL being the largest customer*
12..Largest segment contributing to revenue is FMCG being 35%. Advantages of multi-locational plants and scale. Colgate serviced from 3 plants. Listing of shares on NSE possible.Flexible packaging market much higher than carton market.
Disclosure: All articles in Sharebazaar App are strictly for educational purpose. It does not represent view of Sharebazaar Team. Any company named in any article is stricltly not a recommendation.
1. Company is now being managed by Abhishek Patel, MD who took over the control of the company 2.5 years back. Company is now being transformed from a lala company being run by old munshis etc to bring run by professional management.
2. They ran at full capacity in fy17 and hence the topline growth was limited.But due to price negotiations with clients,price increases are directly flowing to the bottom line hence margins are constantly improving.
3. They used to do job work for some clients which has stopped completely now, which also led to a bit of decline in topline but this also led to margin improvements.
4. They paid off a bit of debt last year leading to reduced financial costs.
5. They have recently expanded capacity by purchasing few new machines. New capacity can lead to increase in topline by 35%. This will lead to small increase in debt as internal accruals not yet enough to fund the expansion. Management is looking to expand further capacity in future by purchasing old machines from plants being shut down instead of buying new machines.
6. They have two main areas of business right now. 1) making bags for packaging for paint companies like Asian paints and other fmcg companies. 2) shade net. They have set up r&d teams to expand into other areas. Sister company of rishi tech has worked on some meditech products which will be launched through rishi from q3 onwards.
7. They are targetting to use all their new expanded capacity this year. So internal target is to increase topline by 30% and bottom line by 40% due to continued improvement in margins. Targetting 130-140 cr revenues and 8% net margins within 3-4 years(yet to see how they deliver).
8. MD feels there is immense scope for growth by expanding into more products and geographies as their base is still very small.
9. They have increased their stake by 5% through conversion of warrants. They want to increase their stake every year by sebi permissible limit.
10. Overall, it's a story to watch as to how it unfolds. MD is taking all the right steps to guide the company from a lala company of 2 yrs ago to a more professional run company. Base is small and it's early days to judge.
Courtesy: Hemant Gupta( one of our favourite mentors)
Disclosure: All articles in Sharebazaar App are strictly for educational purpose. It does not represent view of Sharebazaar Team. Any company named in any article is stricltly not a recommendation.
Business background: Shankara Buildpro is one of the leading organized retailers of home improvement and building products in India based on number of stores, operating under the trade name Shankara BuildPro. Company was founded by Mr Sukumar Srinivas, an alumnus of the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, and a first generation entrepreneur, currently having 33 years of experience in the building products industry. As on date, company operates 112 Shankara BuildPro stores spread across 9 states and 1 union territory in India. It caters to a large customer base across various end-user segments in urban and semi-urban markets through their multi-channel sales approach, processing facilities, supply chain and logistics capabilities.Company’s operations are strategically suited to benefit from growth in housing demand which is continuously growing owing to increasing customer involvement in home solution decisions. It operates in three segments –
Future growth strategy:
Enhancing product offerings - Company expects to increase the product offerings in product categories such as electrical and decorative paints. It would also focus on building strategic relationships and strengthening existing relationships with suppliers and manufacturers of home building products to enhance the product offering.
Inorganic acquisitions - Company has in the past successfully acquired and integrated certain companies such as CRIPL for roofing solutions and VPSPL for tube and strips processing. This has enabled it to backward integrate its business operations and strengthen the value chain. it also intends to continue to explore such business opportunities, including through inorganic acquisitions, and foraying into new product verticals, depending on market conditions and emerging business opportunities. This would enable it to expand its product range and its customization capabilities
Scaling retail presence through addition of more stores - Company has 112 Shankara Buildpro stores spread across 9 states and 1 union territory and total area under retail presence now stands at 0.401 mn sq ft. Company plans to take the total number of stores to 200 by 2021. Company’s retail operations are spread across Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Puducherry. Currently, Karnataka constitutes a significant proportion of 52% of revenue mix across states. With expansion in stores, company targets to achieve cash breakeven at store levels within a year of the store being set up. Retail segment sales also has higher margins and hence this will help in improving margins going forward.
Focus on building brand - Currently the spend on advertising is limited and in order to increase the brand visibility and higher customer recall, company would inch up the spend in branding going forward.
Outlook:Company expects to increase the number of retail stores to 200 by 2021 and retail stores have higher margins as compared to other segment sales. So it expects revenues to grow by 15% going forward with improvement in operating margins to 7-7.5% going forward. With efficient working capital cycle and lower leverage, company expects net profit margins to improve from current levels.Company is present in a niche segment of providing one-stop solution for all the home improvement needs. With enhanced product offerings, increase number of stores and investment on building brand, company expects to maintain the growth trajectory.
Disclosure: All articles in Sharebazaar App are strictly for educational purpose. It does not represent view of Sharebazaar Team. Any company named in any aticle is stricltly not a recommendation.
1. Global scenario for now looks stable in terms of steel production forecasts for FY 17 and 18.
2. India could outperform on an overall basis in terms of steel production and consumption due to various government incentives. Domestic procurement of steel policy in railways, defense, power etc could help domestic steel makers over next 2-3 years. But all depends on domestic demand.
3. Biggest risk to Indian Steel companies and also Kalyani Steel : China manipulating the prices of ore and coal. Due to anti dumping duties and MIP by almost all nations where China dumps steel, China is now making these country’s steel producers have an increase in cost of production via higher ore and coking coal prices which in turn makes them increase prices of end products which above MIP levels makes China start dumping again. Not helpful especially to companies like Kalyani Steel as we don’t have captive coal and ore mines. Also there are limitations to cost optimization one can do.
4. But despite these risks company is trying very hard to create a moat around its business via better utilization rate, faster cycle turns, max debottlenecking and enhancing capacities by 5-10% with speedier turn times etc (Asset Sweating). Also trying for a road map of new product approvals which shall help reduce competition and help and try sustain margins.
5. Company has decided to stay in a very prudent financial health as global customers worries if financial health of suppliers not in the best share. The company has acquired land and got some clearances for expansion, but in view of the current uncertainty the management shall take a call on a later date. Also management believes any major greenfield capex shall have a gestation period of 3-5 years for any material +ve impact on the financials. So management moving ahead very prudently in this aspect.
6. Regarding captive raw material the company had hired consultants for Iron ore & coal mining. But the auction prices were way ahead of what company & the consultants though fit & would have drained the financials. Also company needs relatively smaller mines as requirement of ore is lower as compared to bigger players like JSW Steel who also have beneficiation plant which Kalyani Steel does not have. So company has to go very selectively in terms of which mines to bid for, especially mines with high grade of ore.
7. Company has 3 Blast Furnaces and 2 are always in use. The 3rd one company uses only for Pig Iron and that too if the market is conducive for it.? Company has a subsidiary Lord Ganesha mine which was purchased for around Rs 100+ cr. Since last 5+ years management is waiting for its clearance. Having a hard time tackling its clearance with Karnataka Government on the same. Has around 6-7 Million Tones of good quality ore.? DGM a subsidiary was set up with a view to conduct R&D activities as Hospet was not the best place for it. No major initiatives have come out of DGM as yet.
Courtesy: Parthiv Shah(Our whatsapp group inhouse member)
Disclosure: All articles in Sharebazaar App are strictly for educational purpose. It does not represent view of Sharebazaar Team. Any company named in any aticle is stricltly not a recommendation.
1. Focussing on back yard poultry. It means small farmers which have 7 - 8 chicks and 1-2 sheeps. Targeting Orissa, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh for this. Potential - 6 to 8 million chicks.
2.Though the market size of the animal health products worldwide is pegged at around $30 billion, the Indian market is a mere $700 million. In the wake of a resurgent interest in the health and longevity of cattle following the Centre’s diktat to ban cow slaughter, there is immense scope for growth. The company, thus, is busy promoting awareness on large animal health in the hinterlands and is simultaneously exploring possibility of new product launches.
3. It is also working with GALVmed, a British-based NGO supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to market its thermostable Newcastle disease vaccine in India. The two partners are aiming to create a sustainable distribution network, which is linked with Hester’s current network?
4. GST effect - prices drop by 20%. Greenfield project to be planned in Tanzania. May have to raise debt for this(Didn't disclose how much)
5. Hester Biosciences now is one of India’s leading animal healthcare companies as also the country’s second largest poultry vaccine manufacturer.Profitability is higher in diagnostic kit but market size is vey low.
6. Looking at Europe market for diagnostic kit(not sure whether for importing or exporting) .Brucella has lot of potential. Indian govt is also looking to eradicate this.
7. Company confident of posting decent double digit growth for next many quarters. At an inflection point with the whole market dynamics changing and expanding at a rapid speed.
1. Definitely saw more sell side analysts and youngsters in the AGM this year. Investor perception is changing indeed. This reminds of the debate at the AGM 4 years ago, when one of the business owners went on a long rant regarding the poor quality of investor communications that our company had. So the next year Ajay Piramal told a few people after the AGM that they are thinking about that suggestion and may increase investor focus in terms of communication. However, he mentioned that it will take some money. Of course the next shareholder complaint was, "But why are your wasting money on all this?" !!! So overall, can see this mini project at work.
2. Going into Housing Finance and approvals 'should' be in place by August'17. Asked Mr. Satwalekar regarding the timing of this allocation. Ajay Piramal normally sells into Euphoria. DS said that their bottom-up approach to the market was perhaps the competitive edge.
3. Ajay Piramal was very pleased with the distribution network in pharma. 4 lakh plus touchpoints now. Every year he has focussed on this single point. My own understanding is that he thinks of this 'distribution' has a the core asset around which he can buy and sell brands. This growing distribution system has a faster investment cycle for building brands. There is some operating leverage which he seems convinced on.Interesting.
4. His view on NBFC vs Bank debate : He personally believes that building a liability side in the lending business is a choice between the upfront capital expenditure to build a strong liability brand versus your ability to get competitive rates as a borrower. His own take was that Piramal has very well liked by the best creditors in the market and thus he can get money at competitive rates and at the moment doesn't feel that it is worth investing in building a lliabilities side brand for a lower cost of blended capital.
5. Ajay Piramal's take on market valuation of Piramal : Towards the end of the AGM a gentleman asked him about his own stake and why doesn't he raise it given that SEBI allows him to do so. AP replied by saying
(a) He thinks 50%+ is high enough.
(b) Even if he wanted to buy it , he couldn't afford to at the present price (insert laugh).
I particularly found this comment insightful. Considering that 5 AGMs ago he was vocal regarding the value in the company.
6. For sometime now I have been hearing stories regarding the asset quality at Shriram Transport. Ajay Piramal now seems to have developed the capacity to suffer in this bet of his. Is willing to stick it out for he still believes in the value that is there. My own take is that, even he screwed up in this deal , it is okay. I knew he would make individual mistakes in allocating capital. The best do so. The key was that he would come out on top at a portfolio/business level. Remembered that element of my own thesis today.
7. Nothing else really caught my attention this year. I now pay little attention to what he plans to do, because over time even he doesn't know what he's going to do over the next 12 months. His is a true opportunist and that's what I am betting on.
Courtesy:Aniket Krishna(Our whatsapp group inhouse research member)
Q)Why JM Financials has a buy on Bajaj Corp?
Ans) Bajaj Corp’s 1QFY18 earnings report remained weak with sales down 3.6% - steeper sequentially (4QFY17 sales declined 1.9%). Its flagship Bajaj Almond Drops’ (BAD) volumes fell 6.6%; EBITDA and adjusted net profit declined 14.5% and 10.5% respectively. The weak performance was completely attributable to GST led destocking, significantly in the wholesale channel; this is also corroborated by the sharp growth in net-realisation (4.1%) despite absence of any hike in retail selling prices (wholesale channel deals largely in lower priced SKUs). The company has thus far refrained from taking any price hikes as it expects the impact of GST being largely neutral on profits; there could be some near-term pressure from RM costs inflation, though. Key positive takeaway from the result was the retail volumes of Bajaj Almond Drops which grew at a healthy 12.4% rate signalling a possibility of consumer demand witnessing a sharp improvement – this augurs well for Bajaj Corp’s volume growth trajectory, which could recover back to double-digit growth level as seen in the past. The stock quotes at a steep 45%+ discount to the sector’s forward multiple (ex-ITC) and a recovery in volume momentum would be the much-needed catalyst for stock performance.
In a limited overs cricket match, an asking rate of 8 runs per over is considered a bit too high. But whether the team chasing should panic or not will depend on the stage of the innings. Chasing 8 runs per over with 9 wickets in hand & 10 overs remaining may not be such a daunting task as chasing 400 runs in 50 overs.However, to win, the chasing team still needs to score those 80 runs in 10 overs.
Similarly in stock market P/E of 24 or 25 (current P/E level) is considered expensive. But whether investors should panic or not depends on the stage of the earnings cycle. Such P/E level at the peak of the profit cycle (after strong earnings growth in preceding years) could be a reason for panic but if you are at the bottom of the earnings cycle (with almost no or dismal earnings growth in preceding few years - which is where we are currently in terms of earnings cycle in India), it may not warrant panic. However, we still need to have corporate earnings growth in at least mid teens range for investors to make good returns over the medium term.
Also, given the high asking rate, the team chasing 80 runs in 10 overs with 9 wickets in hand could easily lose a few wickets while chasing the score. Similarly given a P/E ratio of 24 or 25, a 10-12% short term correction cannot be ruled out.
Last week we celebrated NSE 50 index crossing 10000 for the first time. Newspapers are filled with index targets over the next few years and guesses about when it will hit 20000! IPOs are listing at large premium, everyone has started believing that it is time to invest now and brokers’ offices are busy again. This is the time to remind ourselves of a few things about the bull market.
"Very early in my career, a veteran investor told me about the three stages of a bull market. Now I'll share them with you. The first, when a few forward-looking people begin to believe things will get better. The second, when most investors realize improvement is actually taking place. The third, when everyone concludes things will get better forever. Why would anyone waste time trying for a better description? This one says it all. It's essential that we grasp its significance. "Howard Marks
"The further you get away from a bear market, the greater the number of people who have convinced themselves they can handle the downside – until the next time, of course. In the interim, if the indices are performing well, then you can bet that many investors – individuals and professionals, alike – are going to feel pressure to do whatever they can to ride the bull." Steven Romick
"In a bull market, one must avoid the error of the preening duck that quacks boastfully after a torrential rainstorm, thinking that its paddling skills have caused it to rise in the world. A right-thinking duck would instead compare its position after the downpour to that of the other ducks on the pond." Warren Buffett
"In a bull market, it is advisable to restrain one's greed. There is an old wall street saying "The bulls make money, the bears make money. But what happens to the pigs?" You can't make 101 percent. You shouldn't even strive to make 100 percent. Your goal should be 66.6% of a big move. Get out and then reinvest in something that has been newly studied" Roy Neuberger
"Common stocks should be purchased when their prices are low, not after they have risen to high levels during an upward bull-market spiral. Buy when everyone else is selling and hold on until everyone else is buying—this is more than just a catchy slogan. It is the very essence of successful investment" J Paul Getty
"During 'bull' markets, many investors tend to give themselves too much credit for favourable results and to give insufficient credit to the positive environment that played a large role in creating the results. This can lead to overconfidence on the part of the investor and resulting mis-assessment of risks" Ed Wachenheim
In the past few years, the Government of India has initiated many new projects and investments in the
irrigation sector. The focus of the Government is on rural water management, which will be fulfilled only when there will be proper infrastructure for the transportation of water to the end-user. This factor will remain as one of the major drivers for the growth of PVC pipe industry in the country along with the expansion of housing sector and increasing replacement demand for CPVC. The PVC pipes and fittings market in India is projected to register strong growth of 15% CAGR in FY15-19E and is expected to reach ` 391 bn in FY19E as compared to ` 225 bn in FY15.
Indian Industry Scenario:PVC Pipes segment of Indian Plastic industry has performed exceptionally well in past few years, since it has crossed the mark of ` 9,000 Crores. India's Plastic market is growing at a steady rate of 12%. PVC commands plastic pipe market by dominating over 84% share of the market. In areas like Soil & Waste Drainage over last few years, PVC pipes have significantly made their presence felt and plastic piping systems continue to gain ground. In bigger cities, PVC has captured a large portion of the market. Plastic PVC pipes are the most suitable and poised to replace cement pipes. In areas like roof, gutter drainage, PVC pipes have vital role to play. In the building and construction section, PVC pipes has a total market of around ` 2,000 crores which forms 31% of the current market. New area for penetration of PVC pipes is Roof gutter systems which have a total market share of 5%, i.e. ` 1,200 crores. India's Irrigation demand is significant and the demand for quality PVC pipes remains firm.
P.S: Watch out for companies like Amulya leasing(Apollo Pipes),Kriti Industries,Kisan Mouldings,Dutron Polymers,Captain Pipes etc.
One of our inhouse research expert Priyan met with the management of the company recently and here's his crisp meeting notes:-
Company reported subdued numbers for the first quarter.While commenting on company’s performance, management said, the first quarter has been significant disruption on account of transition to the GST Regime.
Further, company expects good set of numbers in coming quarters due to trade to start re-stocking once initial GST hiccups are out of the way. Company also expects to reap benefit from GST in long run due to market shift from unorganised market to organised market.
The company is Firing on all cylinders. 20% minimum Turnover growth and Return on equity of 25% even for new business or any value chain integration.
Increasing share of manufacturing from current 40 percent with plans to go upto 60-65% over next 5-6yrs. This also coming from higher share going forward of complex and high value products.
2 brand new manufacturing units in Uttranchal and Sikkim with 10 year tax holiday will give the leg up.Rebranding and Digital push for much higher cunsumer connect.
Nineties in India saw BFSI dominated by Non Banking Finance Companies (NBFCs). These were active in raising term deposits; extending lease, hire purchase, bill discounting to mid size corporates and SMEs; facilitating IPOs through their merchant banking services. These were also pioneers in providing retail loans for automobiles, commercial vehicles and two wheelers. There were no mobile phones, social media and credit bureaus then.
However we saw these NBFCs sunsetting (with a few exceptions) as the banks rushed in to dominate this space. The last decade and half has witnessed banks - especially SBI and private sector banks - building huge retail franchise and fuelling rapid growth of GDP. Banks made those NBFCs irrelevant.
Aren't we noticing silent but sure footed reemergence of NBFCs? They are treading into waters where no one's swum before. These NBFCs seem to be creating new opportunities in retail credit - even micro credit less than 6500 bucks. They are using data, generated in copious quantities by smart phone wielding, social media flocking, card swiping, interconnected millennials. They mine this data to lend money in real time when a consumer wants it and where she wants it. This time let's hope these upstart startups will stay here longer.Happy investing folks.
The manner in which cats & dogs are rising indicates the return of uninformed gullible retail investors in the market. Large number of penny stocks,the likes of Guj NRE Coke, Nagarjun Oil etc etc are moving in upper limit with huge volumes. Going by historical facts, there could be a sell off. This I call the Albatross-A bird which flies along with the wind and falls back to its place when the wind stops.One thing is for certain though, market sell off or not it doesn't matter as good companies would move up,consolidate for some time before moving up in the northward trajectory again. Craps would move up in staircase and fall back on escalator. So selection becomes very important. Another point which I keep on repeating is kinda,"no need to be adventurous"-It's way better to be in cash if you ain't finding opportunities". We as a matter of fact keep adding to our old positions rather than stretching out for new stories. Happy investing folks.
Demonetization: no change in business due to this because of underwriting policy of business. ECS went up 400% & become more digital
GST: welcome move by govt. no change in business due to this
We are growing company & investing a lot in business. Profit go up significantly over period of time.
We have no interest for SFB & MFI business. Even not interested in insurance business, better to distribute insurance policies and getting commission.
Due to conservative management , they kept high provision on books. Despite write off- growing 30 to 40% annually.
HFC business can grow 70 to 80% over few years
ROE continue to grow over period of time. May achieve ROE 17 to 18% by four years conservatively.
Courtesy:-Our Inhouse Research Predator group
Vidli Restaurant Ltd. engaged in the hospitality business and runs chains of restaurants through franchise operated outlets. Presently company is operating 61 outlets (2 own, 4 employee managed and 55 franchise outlets) across geographies. The group is known for its brands "Vithal Kamat" and' Kamats'. VRL has recently launched Ready to eat snacks (Chivda and Bhujia ) in 4 different variants which they will sell through their outlets and also through distribution channel, Company plans to launch 8-10 more variants till end of this year which will include gift hampers for Diwali and other festivals. Mrs. Vidhi V. Kamat is Managing Director of the company and Mr.Vikram Kamat is Chief mentor to the company, both of them are Hotel management professionals and have more than 10 years of experience in running Branded hotels and Restaurants.
Business-VRL have outlets at all major locations on highways across Maharashtra, they have outlet at Delhi Airport, at Railway stations in Mumbai and at various malls in Mumbai and Pune. They have started outlets in Gujarat, Rajasthan, Delhi, Punjab and Manali too. Presently VRL’s operations are categorized into family dining (1500-200 Sq ft), khaojao(500-700Sqft ) and Kiosk models(65-100 Sq ft). VRL supplies all the Ingredients and Raw material for making the food items at their outlets. The key objective of procuring and supplying the raw material is to get benefit of large scale purchases and controlling the quality and hygiene; Due to this the consistency in taste is also maintained across outlets.
ROI for the franchisee owner comes around 30-40% and operationally they break even from the second month itself, due to this there is a healthy enquiries for the new franchisees and so is high stickiness.
An outlet would be at breakeven position even if that operates at 80 customers per day with average spending per customer of INR 100 to 150. VRL predominantly has a presence in Maharashtra and In the last one year has worked tirelessly on system and processes. Now company is aggressively planning to increase their presence in other states. Earlier company was servicing majorly the south Indian food items but due the huge demand now they have added main course items to the menu like chola masala, Rajama Masala, Paneer butter masala , Dal makhani and others.In the Trial run of 3 months the outlets where the main course items were introduced have shown increase in sales by 50 -60% .
Industry outlook -According to FICCI the combined F&B service market is worth INR 309,110
crore in the year 2016 with the CAGR of 10% is expected to touch INR 498,130 crore by 2021. The sector is dominated by the traditional segment. Indian origin and multinationals have not optimally penetrated the market so far and provides very large opportunity for organized players.
Key shareholders:Girik Capital advisors holds 8% stake
Jignesh madhukant Mehta – 2.9 %
Nirbhay mahawar (N Square capital) – 3.55%
FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS :VRL Recorded a Total Income of Rs. 621.24 Lakhs during the year ended 31st March 2017 vis a vis Rs. 441.32 Lakhs during the year ended 31st March 2016 i.e growth of 41%. Recorded a EBITDA of Rs. 100.75 Lakhs during the year ended 31st March 2017 vis a vis Rs. 67.17 Lakhs during the year ended 31st March 2016 i.e growth of 50%. Recorded a Total Income of Rs. 345.06 Lakhs during the half year ended 31st March 2017 vis a vis Rs. 248.61 Lakhs during the half year ended 31st March 2016 i.e growth of 39%. Recorded a EBITDA of Rs. 60.15 Lakhs during the half year ended 31st March 2017 vis a vis Rs. 28.82 Lakhs during the half year ended 31st March 2016 i.e growth of 109%. Served Approx 13.30 Lakhs Customers. VRL and is cash rich company with cash & cash equivalent in balance sheet of INR 5.4 crores.
QSR food chain Faaso’s has a valuation of 1500 crores when it is operating 130 outlets presently.
VRL is on track to open 250 outlets by the end of fy 2020, at that stage due to its asset light and high operating leverage business model the company may command a premium valuation.
Risks factors –1. Labour intensive model. 2. Successful addition of outlets outside their core Geographies. 3.Company has to implement Transparent Billing & Revenue collection system as cash transactions are involved. 4. Road map for centralized warehousing and supply management outside core Geographies.
Courtesy: Vijay Rawat(Share Bazaar apps whatsapp research group)
Interest rates in India during last three years have fallen by almost 250 basis points if one goes by the yield on 10 year government bonds. From 8.90% in April 2014 the yield has fallen to approximately 6.50% currently. We think it has a potential to fall by another 50-100 basis points, if not more, in next 2 years given fiscal discipline of central government. The fall in interest rates could be a trigger that would help Indian economy takeoff in medium term. It should also help corporate profits return to its normal level leading to much faster earnings growth rate. Corporate profits as a percentage of GDP has fallen from approximately 7.8% in 2007-08 to less than 4% in 2016-17. Return of normal corporate profitability would take markets to higher levels by driving corporate earnings.
Companies which would benefit most would be the ones which are not facing debt problem and cater to discretionary consumer demand and industrial investment.Overall consumer demand should see significant increase as the lower cost debt becomes available to them. The consumer demand in housing, auto and durables should ultimately aid in private capital expenditure thereby reviving animal spirits in the economy. The companies which have a debt problem are unlikely to do well and may see huge equity dilution as loans are converted to equity at terms favorable to lenders. That would also be positive in long term for overall economy.
Corporate Debt Blues will Disappear: There is a crisis like situation in large corporate loan markets in sectors like power, telecom, steel and infrastructure. The amount of bad and stressed loan amount is huge. This was largely due the fact that some companies took too much debt for projects which turned out to be unviable. May we also suggest that there was crony capitalism at play here? Just 12 insolvent accounts that have been sent by RBI to insolvency courts accounts for 25% of the total toxic assets. The period from 2007-2015 saw a huge increase in interest costs, much of it because of inefficient allocation of debt to cronies. For BSE 500 companies (excluding Financials, trading and oil PSUs) in decade to 2015 while revenue grew at 19 %, interest costs increased at 28% resulting in net profits growing only at 10%. During last five years corporate profits have stagnated. Interest burden is a major reason for the same.
There is not going to happy ending for companies under restructuring. However we can expect that losses would be booked by banks and assets would be sold. This would release capital and with further infusion of capital either by government or markets or both banks might be in better position to lend. Though, one cannot be too sure about PSU banks ability to lend in future. Meanwhile private sector banks and NBFCs would continue to gain market for PSU banks share improving credit availability. They should make up for much larger incremental share of the market. That would be more efficient for the economy. As a percentage of GDP corporate debt in India is around 50 % compared to 170% in China and there is a significant scope for increase. If more of lending is done by private sector it is likely to be more efficient.
Transmission of Fall: Though interest rates in terms of 10 year bond yields as well as repo rates have fallen we have not seen a similar fall in interest rates whether for consumer or for healthy part of corporate sector.According to RBI governor Urijit Patel till February out of 175 basis point (bps) cut that RBI has done during this round of rate cutting only 85-90 basis points has been passed on. Since then there has been further passing on of the cuts however there is still a significant scope for further fall in lending rates at the level of financial institutions. We also think that RBI itself would cut the repo rates further by 50-100 basis points in next 12-18 months.
Longer dated loans are especially affected by reduction in rates. A 20 year home loan becomes about 15% cheaper at 8% rate of interest compared to 10%. This triggers two kinds of demands. One, demand for refinancing of older loans which saves money for existing loan borrowers. Two, fresh demand as homes become more affordable for new buyers. Auto loans have also become more affordable. Housing and auto demand would help many sectors of economy improve capacity utilization paving way for further investment. Household debt to GDP ratio for India is around 10% which much lower than countries like Malaysia (70%), China (36 %) and Thailand (70%). With lower interest rates loan uptake can be much faster than GDP growth.
The fall in interest rates would also help project financing of companies easier as interest costs become more manageable. India has one of the highest rates of interest that makes financing debt riskier for companies. Compared to a prime lending rate in India of about 9% in China lending rate is around 4.5%. So on average Indian companies are spending twice in interest costs. That makes many projects unviable. A reduction in rate thus costs would help finance private capital expenditure. That would be the last missing piece for economy to take off.
The oil industry faces a straight race between a supply shortfall and peak demand. If prices persist around $45pb for a significant period, then production is unlikely to grow to the levels required to starve off a shortfall by 2020, as prices below $50pb will be unable to support the investments needed. And if investments do not pick up, then the industry will get one last boom before peak demand arrives.
The definition of an oil boom in this new paradigm is one where prices exceed $60pb. Such a boom becomes more likely if the extended OPEC-led cuts succeed in bringing inventories down to the 5-year average. Yet, it would only take a 1 – 2 million bpd supply disruption for prices to rally, a prospect that can’t be ruled out considering the current state of global affairs. Of particular concern is the unrest in Venezuela, a country that analysts now say is primed for a Soviet-style collapse, putting its 2.5 million bpd supply at risk.
Barring any disruptions, there remains only a 3-year window for an oil windfall, as once the policy actions by China and India take hold, the deployment of EVs will begin to adversely affect oil demand by 2023.Afterwards, the falling costs of batteries, efficiency gains, fuel-switching and the spread of self-driving technology and ride-sharing services, will all combine to bring about peak demand between 2025 and 2030.
At the same time, the industry will experience a shift as oil will be increasingly valued as a chemical feedstock and less as a transport fuel. Organisations need to take concrete steps to position themselves for the coming upheaval and avoid the kind of collapse that has been experienced in the coal industry. Multinationals like Shell and Total have made shrewd moves by divesting into renewables and participating in initiatives like the Climate Leadership Council. Such activities must accelerate to enable such companies to hold onto their leadership positions in the global energy landscape.
Engineering companies, service providers and equipment manufacturers also need to leverage their expertise by taking bets that will boost their chances of survival in this new landscape. Amid change lie enormous opportunities – energy storage (such as compressed air storage), industrial CCS (for refineries, petrochemicals, steel and cement) and biotechnology (as an alternative route for chemical feedstocks) – are just 3 areas out of many that will experience exponential growth in the coming decades. As the world moves to a greener and sustainable energy system, the time has arrived for the companies that led the way in the 20th century to break the mould, and evolve from being oil companies to become energy companies.
FRAUDS Committed by Dr Kannan Vishwanath, ex MD of Dr Datson Labs Ltd, former name Aanjaneya Lifecare Limited ( herein after referred as DDL ).An expose by Joginder Kanaujia. List of fraud are as follows:-
(1) DDL had 15 patents which Dr Kannan got registered with Controller General of Patents, however, only 12 were registered in the name of DDL rest three were registered jointly in his name and his father Mr Kashi Vishwanathan, though these were intellectual property of DDL.
(2) In 2011 / 2012 it was decided by him to buy Apex Drugs, Hyderabad based unlisted company for DDL for an amount of Rs 250 Cr by taking loans from Banks and as approved by them as per Dr Kannan. He paid an amount Rs 80 Cr by cheque as advance to Apex Drugs and further gave them Rs 50 Cr worth of DDL shares.Later it was stated that that deal was cancelled as banks backed out. Till date there were no efforts made by him to retrieve this amount from Apex Drugs, may be because of his personal interest. My request is that Rs 130 Cr with interest be retrieved from Apex Drugs and credited in the a/c of DDL.
(3) Fair Success (HK) based at Hong Kong was incorporated in 2012. I have not been able to find out who was its promoter, it appears he was close associate / relative of Dr Kannan. In 2013 it was bought by Dr Kannan for DDL for a sum of Rs 250 cr, proceeds of first FCCB, In reply to my mail DDL office intimated me that it has been bought because of 15 patents Fair Success ( HK ) had. It started operating as 100 % subsidiary of DDL wef 29 July 2013. On further scrutiny of patents it was found that these patents were same which belonged to DDL. That means these were sold to Fair Success (HK) before it was bought by DDL. For how much amount Dr Kannan sold these patents is mystery but estimated amount could be around Rs 250 to 300 Cr. This amount was not credited in the a/cs of DDL and hence siphoned off, could be in his / his relative / close associate account abroad. A very serious fraud and needs further investigation. Again my request is that this amount be retrieved and credited in DDL’s a/cs.
(4) May 06, 2011 – Aanjaneya Lifecare entered into the capital market with an IPO of 50,00,000 equity shares. Issue Price: Rs. 234 Per Equity Share, Issue Size: Rs. 117.00 Crore. Aanjaneya Lifecare was subsequently named as Dr Datson Labs Ltd. It is alleged that Dr Kannan Vishwanath misused some of this money.As per Annual Report FY 2013 – 14, Dr Datson Labs had two world class R&D Centres at Mangalore and Bangalore.Subsequently what has happened to them is not known. Have they been sold and if yes where is the money from its proceeds?
(6) Dr Datsons office was alleged to be fraudulently registered by Dr Kannan Vishwanath on his name using backdated stamp paper wef 2011 and in Jun 2015 it was transferred on his father / mother’s name.
(7) Dr Kannan Viswanath has started (backdated) Hong Kong base company Windsonn Exim Limited. Its board members as per its site are, (i) Dr Kannan Viswanath MD, (ii) Mr Arthure Kibble, based at UK, (iii) Dr. Rajendra Kamat, and (iv) Ing Alex Eens (President). Patents belonging to Dr Datson Labs are shown as belonging to Windsonn Exim Limited also. Is it possible for two companies to hold same 15 patents?
In these frauds Dr Kannan has been assisted by his father, Mr Kasi Vishwanathan. Dr Rajendra Kamat, ex Non Exe Chairman, CFO and Company Secy werwe aware of it by virtue of their posts. Also Mr Kishore Iyengar, a close confidant of Dr Kannan Vishwanath is alleged to have been deeply associated in all the fraudulent activities of Dr Kannan Vishwanath.
Gufic Bioscience is a specialized pharmaceutical company based out of Mumbai promoted by Choksi family in 1960s. It has presence in different segments of pharmaceutical sector including some presence in Ayurveda (which was a diversification by Mr. Jayesh Choksi). Gufic in 1990s was a strong pharma company (probably bigger than Sunpharma, at that point in time!) with products in the APIs and Formulations. It strength can be gauged from the fact that its brand Mox (which was sold to Ranbaxy) was very well known in the market. Same was the case with Zole(Miconazole Nitrate). It currently has established its expertise in the speciality injectables area with specific focus on lyophilisation products. Gufic Bioscience is one of the largest manufacturers of Lyophilized injections in India and have a fully automated lyophilisation plant. The product includes Antibiotic, Antifungal, Cardiac, Infertility, Antiviral and proton-pump inhibitor segments. Being historically a pioneer in the lyophilized segment, Gufic has long time partnerships withseveral large MNC & Indian pharma companies to manufacture their products in its manufacturing facility. After the sale of such great brands, Mr. Jayesh Choksi was unable to create a focused brand based organization. With unnecessary diversification into OTC products, Ayurveda and other FMCG products, it got relegated to the side-lines.
Conclusion: We are fascinated by the management of Kriti,it's way of conducting efficient operations and vision for the next 10 years. Company should deliver over a 25% consolidated growth this fiscal which should see it crossing 500crs comfortably. PAT are expected to rise disproportionately as contribution from value added products and high margins segment starts.
We asked one of our Share Bazaar app member to pen an analysis on Intense technology,exclusively meant for the App. Here's " Thestocklady" with his analysis on the recent quarter numbers by the company. He keeps a low profile and hence has requested us to refrain from posting his name.
1)BSNL revenue yet to kick in. This would have added an extra 25cr to the q4 numbers but unfortunately supreme court put a spanner in the works saying do aadhar based migration.
2)The migration instead of FY2017 will happen in FY18. The amount of migration revenue will also increase.
3)There has been a increase of 1.65 cr in employee cost ( 22% ). In my estimate, part of this would be driven by esop related expenses, and partly by additional manpower hired for the bsnl mandate.
4)Finance costs have dropped by 70%, which show that the company is able to run its operations with any borroing support.
5)Tax incidence is 30% in q417 compared to 7% in q416.
6)If the employee increase would not have happened , and tax paid as last year , we would have ended up with 419 lacs as PAT, a beat both qoq as well as yoy.
7)Company remains cash rich with 20cr cash in hand ( almost 10 per share )
Investing in intense for me was always being part of a long term strategy to share the upside of a true blue IT product company from India. As such, there is nothing in this result which will make me change my mind.
1. Balasore with quarterly capacity of 40k tonnes just showed 345cr topline. So just around 87k/tonne realization??. Imfa showed rough realization/tonne of around 102k/tonne. He must be kidding:)
Emmbi Industries posted a solid quarterly performance where top-line has shown roughly 13% growth YoY and 14% growth QoQ. Operationally, it has done even better where EBITDA margins have expanded from 12% YoY and 11.36% QoQ to 13.4% this quarter. Quarterly EPS stood at 2.31 vs 2.09 YoY and 1.35 QoQ despite higher tax expense (EPS would have been higher by 0.40 at applicable MAT rate).
Management “has walked the talk” in their focus on –
1. Introducing value added high margin products which have resulted in EBITDA margins at current level from 7-8% level 3 years back.
2. Reducing interest cost from over 13% to below 11%.
Key takeaways from the recent con-call post Q4 2017 results-
• Pre Expansion capacity was 18,000MT. Capacity utilisation stood at 92%. Company has undergone 2 expansions –
'Dedicated Pond Lining Manufacturing Unit (3,600MT)
'Dedicated Food & Pharma Packaging Unit (2,400MT)
This takes total capacity to 24,000 MT and capacity utilisation to below 70%. This takes care of capacities required till 2020 that means no further capex for next 3 year except for maintenance capex (roughly 5 Crores per year.). The management has reiterated that they aren’t looking for any further debt till a really great business idea comes in its mind. Also their philosophy is to build capacity, reach a 90-95% capacity utilisation and then go for a capex to bring it down to 70% level and keep doing it over years.• The company is predominantly a B2B company. However, recently the company is focussing on developing B2C business. The company has created 2 brands for its B2C business –
o “Jalasanchay” for water conservation.
o “Krishirakshak” for crop protection.
The company has also started a distributor level brand – “Dr.M” where the distributor is required to undergo 15 days training from the company. This will enable them to help farmers with technicalities of the product.
• In previous interviews, management has clearly said that the focus is on replacing low margin products with high margin products. This quarter, they have introduced one such product – “Emmbi Aluminium Liner – Coffee Aroma Lock Technology” – this helps in locking the aroma & freshness of coffee and can also be used for a product which needs a leak proof packing. This product helps in maintaining the freshness & quality of the inner product for a longer time.
The focus of the management is to create products & processes which are hard to replicate and differentiate them from competitors.
• Newfound focus on automation ensures optimal utilization of manpower. This,combined with continuous training and up-skilling ensures lower attrition.
• Management is clear that any new business has to be ROCE accretive. On being asked if they have any timeline in mind for a magical 1,000 crore top-line, they clarified that they have never thought it this way. It will come someday but any additional business has to be ROCE accretive.
To conclude with numbers –
? Dedicated Pond Lining Manufacturing Unit at 100% capacity utilisation will fetch a top-line of 100 crores and the product carries roughly 16-18% EBITDA margins.
? Dedicated Food & Pharma Packaging Unit at 100% capacity utilisation will fetch a top-line of 40 crores and the product carries roughly 16-18% EBITDA margins.
? Phasing out low margin products and replacing high it with high margin products will improve the realisations/MT of the company. However, it’s tough for now to quantify the same.
? No capex for next 3 years will help them reduce their debt which will further add to EPS.
To conclude, interesting times ahead for Emmbi and it has the potential to be a real compounder.
Indian Diagnostics Industry and What Needs to be Done
Company is set to have a watershed year in the present fiscal of 2017-18. There are a lot of triggers aside the turnaround one which market anyway craves for. GST will pave the way for migration from unorganised to organised sector which would be a boom for Kisan mouldings. Company is also very strong in Uttar Pradesh, with the present loan waiver in the state-Its set to witness robust demand.
Company has a Solvent division(Adhesives in its segment) which is a negative working capital business and comes with 30% Ebitda margins. It does a turnover of around 25crs. Company sees good potential in the segment and has hired a senior team to scale it up to 75crs within the next 2 years. Selling of its non-core assets which got postponed owing to demonetisation may finally see its vindication in the next few weeks. Company has also launched its Water tanks division which has been an instant hit in the market. Overall, exciting times are ahead for the company.
Working capital should only include inventories, receivables, other current assets (including cash) required for running the business at current levels of business volumes. Cash which is surplus to running the current scale of operations (whether kept as cash or parked in investments) should be excluded. Care should taken about seasonality. In some businesses, because of their seasonal nature, the need for cash grows during certain months of an year and then falls. In such situations if seasonally surplus cash is parked in investments, it should still count as a working capital item.
One should deduct current liabilities pertaining to amounts due to vendors (but not for fixed assets), advances from customers and other payables for running the operations. Items like provision for taxes, proposed dividends, debt due within next one year should not be considered for computing working capital.
I use this definition of working capital for estimating the working capital intensity of a business. I do this by comparing the average working capital needed in a year with net revenues of that year. More insights are often found by looking at the trend of working capital intensity over a number of years.
If, instead of measuring working capital intensity, one is testing short-term solvency, then all liabilities which are due within one year (e.g. short term debt, payables for fixed assets) should be counted and all cash items including investments should also be counted. I hardly use this version of the ratio, however, because I focus on exceptionally well financed businesses and there are other ratios to figure that out.
Read books from successful investors.
Stop watching TV News Channels.
Nobody knows the future, so stop asking.
Money is only one of the types of Wealth.
Crazy people of like nature enforce yet conceal each others' craziness. Find your craziness and tone it to saner proportions.
Mean reversion is an enduring truth of market.
Average common man will buy more in peaks and less in trough.
Excesses in under and over valuation is an enduring theme.
Find High Growth Companies in Low Growth Industries.
Stop Finding companies in High Growth Industries.
Find out the type of investor you are, someone who buys on borrowed tips of one who researches on their own.
Find market leaders in small niches, not #3 or #4 players selling cheap.
Thinking in 3-5 year time frames and not 3-4 months / quarters.
Understand the business, competitive forces and ability to predict future of the business.
Stop thinking solely in PE terms.
Stop playing greater fool game.
Bet on four stocks at a minimum, don't over concentrate, don't over diversify.
Think independently. You will outperform the majority.
When there is no company worth investing in the country, go all cash, to go out of the country.
Get rich slow-but-sure, don't buy lotto, don't play in casino, don't gamble, don't leverage.
Maximise money per hour of research, no point buying into a position requiring active monitoring. The person who makes 100 million from stock market by investing 1 hour per day wins over the person who makes 100 million by investing 6 hours a day. Time is finite and limited. Learning and knowledge is infinite.
Make money and stock market both your slave, make money and forget about them.
Never retire, work incessantly.
Money is means and not an end. Money is a slave to free you from your daily routine.
Show you have the creative potential and do something that nobody has ever done.
Have more creative ambitions in life than earning billions, you are more than your body (thankfully) that needs to be fed on money supplied goods and services alone and very soon you will enter a dimension where money will not work. How soon ? Likely before 2500 weekends.
Gradually drift into a field which you are passionate about, otherwise you are a big disservice to yourself and the society in a profession that is not your passion.
Buy damaged stocks, not beaten down companies.
Learn from own and others' mistakes.
Explain your picks to yourself with four convincing reasons.
• Buy into companies that have disciplined plans for achieving dramatic long-range growth in profits and that have inherent qualities making it difficult for newcomers to share in that growth. There are so many details, both favorable and unfavorable, that should also be considered in selecting one of these companies that one can use the details that are required to an extent to understand such type of companies.
• Focus on buying these companies when they are out of favor: that is, when either because of general market conditions or because the financial community at the moment has misconception of its true worth, the stock is selling at prices well under what it will be when its true merits is better understood .
• Hold the stock until either (a) there has been a fundamental change in its nature (Such as a weakening of management through changed personnel),or (b) it has grown to a point where it no longer will be growing faster than the economy as a whole. Only in the most exceptional circumstances, if ever, sell because of forecasts as to what the economy or the stock market is going to do, because these changes are too difficult to predict. Never sell the most attractive stocks you own for short-term reasons.However,as companies grow, remember that many companies that are quite efficiently run when they are small fail to change management style to meet the different requirements of skill big companies need. When management fails to grow as companies grow, shares should be sold.
• For those primarily seeking major appreciation of their capital,de-emphasize the importance of dividends .The most attractive opportunities are most likely to occur in the profitable, but low or no dividend payout groups.(My View in this context is different…. In India, we have seen the management act as per one’s own wishes and there are numerous instances of cash going to unwanted territories as per the whims and wishes of the Management, So if the Investors has the capability to generate above average returns, then I think he can allocate the dividends far more appropriately).
• Making some mistakes is as much an inherent cost of investing for major gains as making some bad loans is inevitable in even the best run and most profitable lending institution.The important thing is to recognize them as soon as possible, to understand their causes, and to learn how to keep from repeating that mistakes. Willingness to take small losses in some stocks and to let profits grow bigger and bigger in the more promising stocks is a sign of good investment management. Taking small profits in good investments and letting losses grow in bad ones is a sign of abominable investment judgement.A profit should never be taken just for the satisfaction of taking it.
• There are a relatively small number of truly outstanding companies. Their share frequently can’t be bought at attractive prices.Therefore, when favorable prices exist, full advantage should be taken of the situation. Any holding of over twenty different stocks is a sign of financial incompetence.Ten or twelve is usually a better number.
• A basic ingredient of outstanding common stock management is the ability neither to accept blindly whatever may be the dominant opinion in the financial community at the moment nor to reject the prevailing view just to be contrary for the sake of being contrary. Rather, it is to have more knowledge and to apply better judgement,in thorough evaluation of specific situations, and the moral courage to act :in opposition to the crowd” when your judgment tells you, you are right.
In the realm of stock market, there have been numerous folks who have come and disappeared within few years. However, there are very few gems who have stood the test of time and have made a dent in the universe of stock market. Mr. Ramesh Damani is one such rae jewel who has been in the markets for over two decades. In a conversation with Share Bazaar Team, he shared his incredible journey and laid out his investment philosophy.
1. Share Bazaar Team (SB): Where do you think the current bull market stands? What do you suggest should be one’s strategy at this juncture?
Ramesh Damani (RD): There are three phases of the bull market. Phase one is the initial uptake in the markets. Phase two is the longest and perhaps the slowest phase in a bull market. Phase three is almost always a vertical rise in the markets where in majority of retail participant jumps in and a huge amount of euphoria is witnessed. In phase three it is typical to find extreme discrepancy between price and value. My sense is that we are in the phase two. Ideal strategy should be to stick to the basics which is to find and invest in good businesses at a reasonable valuations and hold it. Also one of the crucial lessons that I’ve learnt is never to try and time the market but rather time in the market. Only at rare extremes (too much pessimism or too much optimism) one might be able to time the market but otherwise it is very difficult and foolhardy to time the market.
2. SB: Charlie Munger talks about the mental model of Inversion and emphasizes on significance of avoiding stupidity rather than being intelligent. How vital do you feel it is to first learn to avoid inferior business than focusing on finding great business?
RD: I always tell young analysts or fresh market participants that their job should be to try and double their money every three years. So to find a stock which can double in three years, the first question one must ask is that ‘is this business going to be around three years from now and will it be better off than it is today?’ That question will itself weed out a lot of bad business as you might not have a clue about the sustainability of several business. This is a good way to narrow down the pool of business to study. In life also if you know what you don’t want and what to avoid, things become relatively easier.
3. SB: It is always easy to figure out what to buy, but most people don’t get when to sell. So how do you make a decision to sell?
RD: It is essential to hold on to good business. I’ve seen a lot of people who sell the stocks just because it has doubled or tripled. They say things like stock has doubled so I’ll sell half and take my money out and I feel it reflects the immaturity as in that way one can never make great amounts of wealth. Until the story and the initial hypothesis on which I bought the stock is intact, I would hold on to it. I wouldn’t sell a business just because it has given me X% of returns. Also at the first sign of danger, I would exit a stock. If I realise that my hypothesis is not playing out, I accept my mistake and sell.
4. SB: How significant do you feel the role of emerging equity culture in India?
RD: Gold is a non-productive asset and FD is barely matching inflation. In absolute terms you lose money in Gold and FD over a long period of time. Real estate has liquidity constraints. So, what is left is equity which are a very good avenues to invest and grow your money. Now our government has done a whole lot of things to promote equity culture, may it be rapid dematerialisation, transparency, zero long term capital gains tax etc. They have made it a no brainer to invest in equity market as one can compound money tax-free. Even dividends are tax-free in India. I just don’t understand why a lot of people have been ignoring all these benefits. I feel one of the ways to boost equity participation would be to open a similar scheme like jan dhan yojna, where in which everyone gets a free Demat account and awareness about the power of equities.
5. SB: Naseem Taleb talks about the role of Skills and Luck in Life and Investing. We wanted to understand from your perspective what is the role of Luck in Stock market Investing?
RD: As buffet says he was lucky in terms that he won an ovarian lottery as he was born in 1950s in America. Also to be born in India which is the land of opportunities, one needs to be lucky. But beyond that I feel there is a skillset involved. I know a lot of people who bought HDFC bank and not the Bank of India and that was not the blind luck. If you were born in Central Africa amidst civil unrest, extreme poverty, etc. that may be termed as unlucky. But understanding the market, allocating the capital in a sensible manner, saving for the future all that requires a skill set. Also one needs to understand it’s simple but not easy to make money in the markets. Just because you have invested in any particular stock you won’t end up making money. If done rightly by educating yourself, like any other skills, one can ace the game of the markets.
6. SB: With advancement in technology, the information flow has become rapid and market has also started reacting quickly to the new pieces of information. A lot of people has been misusing this pace to manipulate retail participants. Do you see this disruption as a boon?
RD: I must say anyone putting his hard-earned money in the markers should exercise due diligence. If it would be so easy to get rich by someone tweeting or by a WhatsApp message, the world would be full of billionaires. Here’s my tip, ‘‘don’t follow tips’’.
One needs to understand that market is not a get rich quick scheme. Even warren buffet earned 95% of his wealth after the age of 50. So it is best to ignore a lot of ‘too good to be true’ noise in the market. If someone tell you that he knows a stock that would double in three months, ask him has he invested his every single penny if he is so sure. Also one needs to have realistic expectations from the markets. As Charlie Munger has said, ‘’Easiest way to embrace misery is to have Unreasonable expectation in life.’’
7. SB: What would be your short advice to someone just starting out in the realm of investing?
RD: I would say market is great place to get rich, but not in a hurry. And how you get rich? By the magic of compounding. If one were to start with a reasonable base capital and let the magic of compounding work patiently, one can be fairly rich within 20-25 years.
To give an example, when my son was 13 years old, we had organised a name ceremony for him. We invited hundreds of friends and family and all of them gave him some or other gifts. I don’t remember a single gift except one gift from a friend of mine who gave him HDFC shares worth Rs. 25,000. Today they are worth Rs. 25 lakhs and it does not include dividends. Thus you can imagine power of an appreciating assets.
The second and most important thing is to read a lot. It is very important that one must read about Business, Economics, History, Psychology etc. It is essential to keep on learning about new developments in this disruptive era.
Third and the most fundamental thing about investing is to buy things cheap, buy Rs.1 thing for 30-40 paise. It’s as simple as that. Also, Investment is a long-term business. When you are buying a stock, think that you are buying a part of the company's business. View it over a period of time and don't look for investment as a source of short-term returns.
8. SB: Going forward which sectors one should look at where disruption lies?
RD: One thing I find interesting is the introduction of Aadhar Card in India. We have now over 100 Crore database and it is going to change the way we get identified. So I would be finding companies that has the skills set to monetize that opportunity. Also Data is going to see a huge explosion. For example if we were to measure the amount of data which we generated in 2015 that would be more than the aggregate data of the last century. So how do you play data? You play by telecom companies, storage companies etc.
9. SB: You have been in the markets for over two decades now, where do you see Indian market going forward?
RD: I’m convinced that there are multi fold opportunities exist in today’s market than twenty years ago. With disruption in technologies and globalization, opportunities are plentiful even for stock pickers. One thing that will never change, as far as stock market is concerned, is one needs to focus on buying bargains and buy things that are out of favour. As far as India is concerned, going forward there are going to be abundance of opportunities. India being one of the countries with youngest population, we have a huge room to cover in education, healthcare, Infrastructure etc.